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    Wise Old Woman Essay

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    Wise Old Woman Auvaiyar ???????? Varan S Karunakaran Melbourne [pic] Wise Old Woman Auvaiyar ???????? Varan S Karunakaran Melbourne Copy Right © First Published in 2004-02-04 Publishers Honey-Stream Contents Preface6 PUBLISHERS VIEW8 READERS’ REVIEW9 1. Introduction10 2. Wise Old Woman11 2. 1 General11 2. 2 First Auvaiyar11 2. 3 Second Auvaiyar12 2. 3 Third Auvaiyar12 2. 4 Attribution to Auvaiyar13 3. TAMIL LANGUAGE15 4. CHILDREN CHANNEL17 4. 1 General17 4. 2 Arthi Chudhi18 4. 3 Konrai Venthan19 4. 4Muthurai19 4. 5 Nalvahi19 5. 0 MORAL MANNERS20 5. 1 Blameless Behaviour20 5. 2 Virtuous Vision26 5. 3 Wholesome Wisdom31 . 4 Peaceful Path33 6. ETHICAL ETIQUETTE36 6. 1 Righteous Restraint (????????? )36 6. 2 Complacent Conduct (?????? ??????? )55 6. 3 Mature Messages (?????? )71 6. 4 Commendable Course (?????? )82 7. GLOSSARY97 Preface The Tamil alphabets are being taught using the rhyme of the wise old woman (WOW). Thus this work retains the original structure of these morale works. The modern father of lateral thinking is Edward De Bono. It is believed that there were several Auvaiyar(s) known among works in Tamil. You may wonder how one of the Auvaiyar who used the lateral thinking to bless the king to “fortify the embankment”.

    Tamils believe that the God Murugan used lateral thinking to fun with one of the Auvaiyar. All Auvaiyar(s) are not only wise ladies but also had sharp minds. The subject rhymes are not only simple but also reminder the fundamental concept for a peaceful life. Four of Auvaiyar’s works – Arthi Chudhi, Konrai Venthan, Muthurai and Nalvazhi are depicted here in English. As her works are in the verses form, even explanations in Tamil differ among various publications. Many Tamil words do not have a meaningful word in English language. For example, the Tamil word “aram” which has no exact meaning in English.

    We can find many words with closer meaning. Thus it is not possible to provide “the” translation for her works. This work will be called as an interpretation (Chapter 5) and a translation depicted in words (Chapter 6). It is my opinion that there is no translation can capture the magnificent principles behind her works. Only way is to read the original verses in Tamil (not even the description in Tamil). This is an indirect encouragement for the Tamil speaking community not to miss the opportunity to learn Tamil language while young.

    The verses were originally written in the ancient feudal society where primary production (agriculture) was considered as the noble tasks. Today the world went through industrial transformation, economical reformation and electronic revolution. In the feudal society men earned wealth but today some women’s earning capacity is much more than their husband’s earning. Thus certain moderation of the novel verses is required to reflect the current life style. The main part of the book is Chapter 5 which is “Moral Manners. ” It contains the interpretation of Auvaiyar’s four works.

    Modern thinking is employed to reflect the current life style of the people and to make them secular with no specific references to any culture. The purpose of the book is to provide the opportunities for young children to learn and elders to refresh whenever they needed. It is neither an invention nor a discovery but simply innovative ideas are employed to provide the existing information in Tamil. The Chapter 6 of this book is not a literal translation of exiting works but a translation based on the Auvaiyar’s concepts to provide a smooth flow for reading. Thus it is provided under the title of “Ethical Etiquette. Here not only references to Indian culture and Hindu religion are retained but also the original Tamil verses can be located. A culture is a wealth of the community. The community applied it every day to advance their quality of life. This book is not saying which culture is the best or superior. This book is merely based on a culture where the Interpreter was brought up and set up his mind. It is always good to know more about other cultures and their wealth of their works. This book is developed with providing assistance to overseas Tamil children whose first language in school is no more Tamil.

    Some of them learn Tamil at home or from community. But there are many overseas Tamil students missed learning Tamil language. This book is equally suitable for Tamils who learn Tamil as first language or as second language. This book is also developed to be used by any other Indian Children whose mother tongue is not Tamil and all other children from English speaking world. The original Tamil verses are included for those who are competent in both languages. Others can ignore the sand-witched Tamil verses. PUBLISHERS VIEW READERS’ REVIEW Introduction Every child born in this world is innocent.

    That is the reason, every body likes the children. Indians love children as gods like Kannan, Murugan and Iyyeppan where they appear as young children. Every child is not grown up as innocent adult. What are the changes being made while they are growing? The answer could be environment and circumstances. When the difficult situations arise, it disturbs the direction of thinking. Previous experiences on similar incidences affect the views which lead to frustration and revenge. Egoism makes greedy. In the end, majority of the crowd got distress with many other forms of extremisms including fanatics.

    What is needed for life is a peaceful and blissful survival. When people realize about themselves, they achieve the peacefulness. I used to read Auvaiyar’s works to build my mental strength which gave me the blissfulness needed to me. Now I am providing those in both English and Tamil for others benefits who ever want to read them in either of the language. No child in Tamil speaking home in anywhere in this world forgets Auvaiyar. Two of her works (first two listed below) are being used to learn Tamil Alphabet as poem in very early stage of learning.

    The other two (last two listed below) are being applied to understand the unexpected outcome of our actions. She has many other works too. All the four works were based on very fundamental moral principles which are interpreted in this book as follows: • Blameless Behaviour or Righteous Restraint (Arthi Chudhi) • Virtuous Vision or Complacent Conduct (Konrai Venthan) • Wholesome Wisdom or Mature Messages (Muthurai) • Peaceful Path or Commendable Course (Nalvazhi) 2. Wise Old Woman 2. 1 General The wise old woman (WOW) is Auvaiyar. Her verses are not only beautiful and rhymed but also have several deep moral values and spiritual meanings.

    Among the many Tamil poets and poetesses Auvaiyar stands pre-eminent. Auvai is another form of addressing mother in Tamil and Telengu. Later Auvai evolved into a courteous form of addressing an old lady with the addition of “ar” to make it more polite in Tamil. In all pictures Auvaiyar is depicted as a white – clad old lady with a staff in hand. Other than the four moral verses named in Chapter 1, several other works of her are published in Tamil languages. Scholars seem to agree that all the above four “Auvaiyar” poems are by a single woman and this is the general believing among the Tamil people.

    The works under the Auvaiyar’s name are wisdom to widen the daily life. There is no other work surpassed her contributions for brevity and principles. There are numerous translations of Auvaiyar’s works into other languages. But no translation can capture the magnificence of the original Tamil. There is no authentic biography exists about her. What little is known of her has been gathered from oral tradition and from occasional references in the writings of contemporary poets. It is not possible to get the history correctly. However, Auvaiyar was born and bred in Tamil Nadhu in South India.

    It is possible to note that at least three Auvaiyar’s can be spotted in Tamil literature because they belong to three different periods. It appears that all the three Auvaiyars were great devotees of Ganapathy the elephant faced God who is the remover of obstacles. Most of Auvaiyars’ work begins with an invocation to him. 2. 2 First Auvaiyar This Auvaiyar was the daughter of Athi (Mother) and Bhagawan (father). She was found abandoned as an infant in a traveler’s hut and adopted by foster parents. This earliest Auvaiyar was a poetess of the Sangam age (First Century AD) and a contemporary of King Athigaman Netuman Anci.

    Her works were included in Purananuru, Kuruntokai, Natthinai and Akananuru. Thiruvalluvar who wrote Thirukkural had a sister called Auvaiyar. Some believes that the first Auvaiyar was his sister considering the period and having common names for parents based on the first Thirukkural. Many others disputes based on caste system. 2. 3 Second Auvaiyar The second Auvaiyar was a woman saint and close associate of two noble Siva devotees, Sundara Moorthy Nayanar and Cheraman Perumal, where both of them were inscribed as great Saiva saints in Sekkilar’s epic hagiography, the Periyapuranam. She lived around 800 AD.

    She wrote Vinayagar Agaval and Auvai Kural. She was associated with the Lambika Kundalini Yoga School. 2. 3 Third Auvaiyar The third one was a contemporary of Ottkakuthar, Kampar and Pugalenthi (1000 AD). It is believed that this third Auvaiyar is the subject of this book because of the references of Nayanmar (She referred to as “muvar tamulum” which means the works of the three saints) who lived much later period. Arthi is a flower which was also royal floral emblem of the Cholas. Thus many say that she should have lived in Cholas period which support the claim that the four works belong to this third Auvaiyar.

    The third Auvaiyar was also called Koolukupadi (one who sings for bowl of soup). The poet Kambar was commissioned by a dancing girl called Silambi to compose a verse on her and gave him 500 gold coins for it, but Kambar who normally, took 1000 gold coins scribbled half a verse on the walls with charcoal. Auvaiyar who happened to come soon afterwards accepted a cup of soup (pap) as reward and completed the stanza. There was an Auvaiyar who was associated with Lord Murugan and some says it was the third one. She could be another Auvaiyar. 2. 4 Attribution to Auvaiyar

    During a visit to a Siva temple, Auvaiyar sat down on the floor due to tiredness. Her legs were stretched and pointed towards God Siva which she did not notice. However, the temple priest asked Auvaiyar to cross her legs. Auvaiyar seek advice from the priest to provide a direction where Siva does not exist. Hindus consider that pointing legs to altar is an unacceptable behaviour. Hindus also believe that god is every where (omnipresent). Foolish priest did not realise that divinity is every where and not limited to altar in Temples. God is the spirit in the heart or the energy/forces that operate every thing in this universe.

    One of the Auvaiyar was an aggressive defender of women’s rights. On one occasion when some men reviled the character of women, Auvaiyar retorted that “all women would be good by nature if men did not spoil them; and most men would have a tolerable stock of sense if the women did not make fools of them. ” One of the Auvaiyar said that what we learned was a handful of soil where what is available to learn is equal to the size of the earth (Learned knowledge is finite whereas world is infinite). This means that no body can claim that they knew everything. Auvaiyar was a lateral thinker.

    At a coronation ceremony, Auvaiyar blessed the king which surprised all the audience. She said “Fortify the Embankment” where she used the Tamil word “Varapuyarga (???????? )”. It literally means raise the bund. When the audience asked her what it means to king. She retorted that when the embankment is strengthening, it contains more water that is essential for paddy cultivation which was the prime production at that time. When more paddies (stable food is rice which comes from paddy) is produced, the citizens will prosper and thus more revenue will be yielded to king.

    Consequently the strength and power of the king will increase. All others blessed the king directly wondered her lateral thinking. One of the Auvaiyar, while traveling through an orchard, she noticed a fruit tree where a young boy was perched on the tree. She asked him to pluck some fruits for her. The young boy sarcastically asked her whether she would like to have hot fruits or cold fruits. Auvaiyar was stuck as she did not think that there were two kinds of fruits. But, Auvaiyar did not want to admit her defeat to a young boy. She asked for cold fruit. When the boy shook off some branches, the fruits fell on sand.

    She picked up one ripe fruit and began to blow air over it to remove the sand. Then the boy told her that she asked for cold fruit and why did she pick a hot fruit (People blow air to make the food or drink to cool down before consuming in a rush and if the fruits were cool, then she did not blow air)? 3. TAMIL LANGUAGE Tamil is an ancient classical language and several claims that it was the first language of human civilization. It is used in Tamil Nadhu, South India and North Eastern Part of Sri Lanka. Later the language moved to several places with the movement of Tamil people.

    It has 12 vowels (5 vowels are like in the English language and another five are harder form of the first five. Other two vowels are combined sound). There are 18 consonants in the Tamil language. In Tamil, words cannot be started with consonant. All the combinations of vowel and consonants are pre-formed and listed as alphabets where the pronunciation of Tamil words is reading the alphabet directly (No complexity involved in pronouncing the Tamil words). The combinations are 216 (18 times 12) and another letter is added (like therefore symbol) to make 247 (i. . (18+1) times (12+1)) letters which forms a matrix structure as shown below (no Tamil alphabets are shown in the Matrix). Foreign borrowings are occasionally used as some of the sounds are not available among the Tamil alphabets. Out of the 247 letters, many of them cannot be used in front of a word and some of the letters are never used in words at all. Thus the Auvaiyar’s alphabetic learning poem has limitation and the alphabets used by her are listed in the Table below (The first number represents Arthi Chudhi and the second . represent Konrai venthan). 13b /13b |1/1 |2/2 |3/3 | |Blameless Behaviour |Athi Chudi |2 words |109 | |Virtuous Vision |Konrai Venthan |4 words |91 | |Wholesome Wisdom |Muthurai |4 lines |30 | |Peaceful Path |Nalvazhi |4 lines |40 | The Chapter 6 presents a transformation from the direct translation (and not a literal translation).

    I have doubt that any body can claim it the Translation. In this transformation, a title is given to each item in English. Chapter 6 also contains the original Tamil verses side by side. On the other hand, the following rules are adopted for interpretation (Chapter 5): • Arthi Chudhi in two words and Konrai Venthan in four words • There is no word limit for the other two but attempts were made to present them in simple form • Invocation, religious references, cultural references are removed. • Agriculture and other references to feudal society are odified • Wife is changed to spouse • Any references to and/or knowledge of Indian culture are customized to common culture • Some negative forms are presented in positive forms 4. 2 Arthi Chudhi It literally means Lord Siva (Chola kings too as they were in power) who wears garland made of (Thiru) Arthi Flower. There are 109 verses in the Athi Chudhi. Each one is made of two words. It is easy in Tamil Language to combine a few single words into a larger word and the two words of each Arthi Chudhi can be really expands into several words as presented by some publishers.

    It is to be noted that many books contain 108 verses and some even very much less than that. This was interpreted (take to mean) Blameless Behavior. It means when children learns these and follow these principles in their life, no body can blame them. Arthi flower is small white flower and the name of the tree is Holy Mountain ebony or common mountain ebony. Some says Arthi belong to Bauhinia botanical family and others claim it belongs to ficus glomerata. 4. 3 Konrai Venthan God Siva (Chola kings) is dressed up with the garland made of Konrai flower and he is called as king of this flower.

    Konrai Venthan is dedicated to God Siva. There are no verses for the 18 consonants letters and Konrai venthan is thus 18 numbers less than the Arthi Chudhi. Konrai Venthan is made of four words and provides a vision for life. Thus it is named as Virtuous Vision. Presentation and translation are similar to Arthi Chudhi. Konrai yields a shower of golden yellow flower and the tree is called Indian Laburnum. The tree also called Golden Shower tree and the botanical name is Cassia Fistula. 3 Muthurai There are thirty poems each made up of 4 lines.

    The title’s direct translation is Elders advice or Mature Messages. This mainly deals with social issues where it suggests how the outcome could be in each action. By reading these poems, one will get an insight of others reaction for each social consequences, means to avoid frustration and provide the foresight before taking hard decisions. 4. 5 Nalvahi There are forty poems each made up of 4 lines. The title’s direct translation is good (or Peaceful) path. Poems are mainly deal with karma or out of the actions where results are totally unexpected way.

    By reading the poems, one can realise a person’s limitations for achieving the desired results and avoiding detrimental effects to health by worrying, reducing regretfullness, realising that nothing foreever and bringing inner peace to overcome any distress and if necessary calling the names of the god for consolation. 5. 0 MORAL MANNERS 5. 1 Blameless Behaviour 1. Desire Righteousness 2. Subdue Temper 3. Share Sensibly 4. Congratulate Contributors 5. Abstain Boasting 6. Persist Efforts 7. Merit Scripts 8. Desist Begging 9. Offer Food 10. Conform Custom 11. Continue Learning 12. Suppress Envy 13.

    Appraise Unquestionably 14. Report Realistically 15. Comfort Family 16. Bath Habitually 17. Converse Pleasantly 18. Observe Constraints 19. Associate Appropriately 20. Uphold Parents 21. Remember Gratitude 22. Observe Seasons 23. Stop Snatching 24. Perform Properly 25. Reduce Risks 26. Sleep Comfortably 27. Never Vilify 28. Uphold Decency 29. Acquire Skill 30. Discharge Duty 31. Never Oversleep 32. Never Scold 33. Protect Lives 34. Be Considerate 35. Remove Incivility 36. Preserve Personality 37. Continue Collaboration 38. Renounce Ruining 39. Listen Oration 40. Extend Expertise 41. Exclude Plundering 2. Discard Unlawfulness 43. Stop Abusing 44. Abide Laws 45. Follow Intellectuals 46. No Misgivings 47. Remember Ethics 48. Never Insult 49. Never Gamble 50. Accomplish Accurately 51. Collaborate Known 52. Maintain Respect 53. Speak Sharply 54. Avoid Laziness 55. Uphold Esteem 56. Offer Gifts 57. Gracefully Worship 58. Renounce Immorality 59. Shun Suffering 60. Scrutinize Beforehand 61. Respect God 62. Concur Countrymen 63. Discard Imprudence 64. Preserve Tradition 65. Forget Failures 66. Pursue Commendable 67. Implement Consensually 68. Maintain Esteem 69. Swim Safely 70. Discard Inedible 71.

    Peruse Widely 72. Cultivate Food 73. Behave Decently 74. Understand Others 75. Respect Disagreement 76. Prevent Infection 77. Suppress Contemptible 78. Take care 79. Speak accurately 80. Desire prominence 81. Encourage Reliant 82. Refurbish Farms 83. Approach Astute 84. Annihilate Unawareness 85. Dissociate Dishonest 86. Preserve Wealth 87. No Provocation 88. Restraint Mind 89. Avoid Antagonist 90. Exclude Exaggerations 91. Consume Moderately 92. Eschew Battlefields 93. Dissociate wicked 94. Accompany Spouse 95. Acknowledge Astute 96. Blacklist Brothel 97. Converse Decisively 98. Relinquish Passion 9. Avoid Challenging 100. Avoid Arguing 101. Seek Skill 102. Aim Blissfulness 103. Be Noble 104. Harmoniously Coexist 105. Curb Rebuking 106. Act Compassionately 107. Rise Early 108. Detach Enemies 109. Justify Impartially 5. 2 Virtuous Vision 1. Parents are Visible Gods 2. Peaceful Prayer Pacifies Profoundly 3. Spouse Loyalty is Virtue 4. Evil Enjoys Miser’s Fortune 5. Curb your food consumption 6. Provoking Public destroys devastatingly 7. Provide importance to knowledge 8. Gifted Kids Act Promptly 9. Whatever Obstructions Pursue Perpetually 10. Same Spouse For Ever 11. Decency is Above Divine 12.

    Envious Talk ruins Wealth 13. Thriftily Thrive More Food 14. Spouse Loyalty is Genuineness 15. Women Safeguard is Protection 16. Forget Swiftly If Unachievable 17. Talk Politely to Anyone 18. Revealing Faults Reduces Relationships 19. Avoid Confrontation Even Dominating 20. Dissociate Those Hurting You 21. Handling Hardship Produces Prosperity 22. Knowledge is Above Wealth 23. Known by Boss Benefits 24. Rage Radiates Resentments Received 25. Nobody likes Inaccurate Humiliation 26. Cheerful Family Delight Descendants 27. Renowned Scholar Glorifies Mother 28. God Worship Strengthen Spirituality 29.

    Pioneering Products Postulate Prosperity 30. Cohesive Cooperation Contribute Cheerfulness 31. Gamble or Squabble Upsets 32. Ignoring Penance Fetches Delusion 33. Regular Sleeping is Indispensable 34. Offer Food Before Eat 35. Wealthy Accomplish Virtuous Pleasures 36. Spiritless Wander with Misery 37. Father’s Guidance is Supreme 38. Mother is a God 39. Evenwith Diligently Acquire Treasure 40. Implacable Irritation Creates Hostility 41. Unsympathetic Spouse is Misery 42. Spouse Aggravation is Torturous 43. Depraved Deeds Devastate Discernment 44. Shrinking Savings Spoil catastrophically 45. Save Energy Using Insulation 6. Entrepreneurial Enhances Than Serving 47. Refrain from Revealing Privacy 48. Adverse Associations is Harmful 49. Prosperous Nation Overcomes Conflicts 50. Honorable Intellectuals Uphold Undertakings 51. Natural Water Avoid Vulnerability 52. Act after Adequate Analysis 53. Employing Ethics from Guidebooks 54. Cruelty Affects Your Conscience 55. No Success without Willpower 56. Never Insult Even Disadvantaged 57. Even weakest Can Impress 58. Eating Meat is Sin 59. Plants Growth Indicates Efforts 60. Act Timely Even Consumption 61. Abstain Adultery is Righteousness 62. Mother’s Milk is Paramount 63.

    Avoid Sin Plus Meat 64. Uncivilized Behaves Indecent Manner 65. Self Realization Surpasses Sentiment 66. Innocence is Women’s Attribution 67. Gentle Manners Commands Respect 68. Shun All Malevolence Activities 69. Earning Enhances Enjoyable Eating 70. Enjoy Meals with Guests 71. Nothing Inhabits Without Raining 72. Raining Expected After Lightening 73. No Progress without Leader 74. Every Action Has Reaction 75. Seniors Guidance is Valuable 76. Sleep Completely for Comfort 77. Hardly Earned Never Dwindle 78. Steer clear of Prostitutes 79. Ignoring Counsel Causes Devastation 80. Intellectuals Exercise Complete Calmness 1. Control Expenditure within Budget 82. Drought Make Complete Hardship 83. No Graciousness without Hospitality 84. Valiant Comradeship Shelters You 85. Resolute Forever against Begging 86. Perseverance Steers to Prosperity 87. Innocence is Always Harmless 88. Avoid Boss Whilst Annoyed 89. Respect All Sacred Shrines 90. Sleep Comfortably on Bed 91. Reading Books Improves Manners 5. 3 Wholesome Wisdom 1. If you do your duty, there will be a return one day for that 2. Selfless deems the care forever while selfish memory is very short 3. All will end up with discontent unless they occurs at right time 4.

    Whatever happens to people, their characters unaffected 5. Success occurs only at favourable time and planing should reflect that 6. Those having principles will rather die instead of humiliation 7. Knowledge, prosperity and nature depends on education, compassion and surroundings respectively 8. Plenty of benefits are there when associated with admirable 9. All will be disastrous if linked to evils 10. Every body will be benefitted when they are allied to honourables 11. Even gifted people needs subordinates to complete huge tasks 12. Quality of the items is totally independent of physical magnitude 13.

    A tree is respected better than a person who is unable to read 14. Illiterate who potures as a wise will be exposed while converse 15. Helping to ungrateful is very dangerous 16. Misjudging the power of the modest would be a serious danger 17. Real relatives will never depart you when you have trouble 18. Attitude remains same during hardship for nobles but not for ohers 19. It is not wealth but fate control the enjoyment 20. Your siblings may spoil your interest but strangers may help you 21. A dutiful spouse makes the home sweet; otherwise it is like a jungle 22. Success comes from fortune and not the way you desire 23.

    Attitude determines the forgivness where worst is low and excellent is noble 24. Learned associates with learned while uneducated links to uneducated 25. Guilty conscious people hide out while innocent mixed with people 26. Scholars are admired at any place, but a king has limitations 27. Irritation could initiate from the actions of associates 28. When king’s wealth is reduced, his kindness won’t be affected 29. Nothing is forever 30. Wise will show compassionate even to those who are awful to them. 5. 4 Peaceful Path 1. According to believing in India, the law of karma-based on individual past actions will govern the life.

    Thus always do goodness and shun sin. 2. According to ethical manuscripts, human beings are classified into two types – considerate and inconsiderate. Note: India has a different caste system (classification) and the intention of the verse is to dismiss that. 3. Knowing that our body is transitory, perform charity whenever you have wealth, then you will reach heaven. 4. It is possible for anybody to accomplish anything when favored by the virtue of good karma and otherwise nothing is achievable. 5. Do your duty. Outcome of your action is not in your hand and thus do not suffer or get distressed 6.

    Your success is based on your virtue and independent from others virtue. 7. Sages realized impermanency of the life in body and they live without any desire and do not converse anything unrelated. 8. Honor will be everlasting and wealth will disappear easily. Thus people should achieve wealth in honest way. 9. Whatever the difficulties are, the respectable people always assist the needy who contact them 10. Death is permanent which will come to us one day. Practice charity and live contented. 11. It is impossible to live without food. 12. Self employment on primary production is the safest employment and all others could be lost at any time,

    NOTE: The verse was written before industrial production (During feudal society or agriculture society). 13. No Body on this earth can change the course of life 14. Death is better than the shameful survival by begging for food 15. Remove the fears in the mind due to fate by distracting the thinking using god name 16. Goodness depends on surrounding, actions, compassion and maintaining integrity 17. People cannot prosper in this birth if no charity is done in the previous births. 18. Niggards only contributes when pressured, otherwise even to love ones, nothing will be donated 19. For a meal we distress our selves beyond the limits 0. Everything will be destroyed one we associate with prostitution 21. Everything will come our way if we have good heart 22. Earn and enjoy and save reasonably 23. Every type of destruction will come if biased verdict delivered 24. It is disgrace when you don’t have good wife, kind siblings and city without water 25. When spending exceeds revenue, then the life is full of troubles 26. Nothing will be in the mind when somebody become hungry 27. Every thing will not occur the way we want and all of them are fate 28. More the greediness bigger the worries and thus need to be contented with what we have 29.

    Every body wishes to identify themselves with philanthropist 30. No way to change the fate and have to suffer (Can be reduce by thinking god names) 31. It is shameful to deviate from standard norms whether verses, conduct, courage and partnership 32. Wealth is not stable and when you have that, offer assistance to needy and gain positive mind 33. In general, you will not win using harsh words, but there will be a better opportunity to achieve something when you use kind word 34. Without wealth, it is hardly influence in this world 35. There are people who have acumen and some others even advised, cannot realize the situation 6. In several instances, own actions cause self destruction 37. There is no way to overcome fate, without worrying the outcome, desire for salvation 38. Self-realization and reach the god is the peaceful way of life 39. Achieving every thing at right time 40. Learn the above good guidance and reengineer your life style 6. ETHICAL ETIQUETTE 6. 1 Righteous Restraint (????????? ) Invocation (?????? ???????? ) Lord Ganapathy who sat on the lap of his father (God Siva who wears Garland made of Arthi flowers), we oft and oft praise and worship him. ????? ???? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ???????? ????. 1. Righteousness

    Wish to Perform Righteously ???? ??? ???????? 2. Temper Calm Down Your Irritation ?????? ????? 3. Sharing Don’t Deny To Share When You Can Afford ??????? ?????? 4. Contribution Don’t Hinder Others Contributions ???? ????????? 5. Boasting Don’t Proclaim Your Worthiness ?????? ????????? 6. Perseverance Don’t give up perseverance ??????? ???????? 7. Scripts Don’t Disregard Numbers and Alphabets ??? ??????? ?????? 8. Begging Begging is Disgraceful ?????? ???????? 9. Food Offer alms before you eat ???? ????? ??? 10. Custom Conform to the customs ???????? ????? 11. Learning Never cease learning ?????? ??????? 12. Envy

    Never express envy ?????? ?????? 13. Appraisal Don’t shorten the quantity of grains whilst trading ????? ?????????? 14. Reporting Never report eyewitness incorrectly ????? ????? ???????? 15. Family Accept your kins even rarely useful ??? ??????? 16. Bathing Take bath on Saturdays after applying gingerly oil ??? ?????? 17. Converse Converse Pleasantly ???? ?? ??? 18. Constraints Don’t build exceptionally huge house ???? ?? ???? ????? 19. Association Associate appropriately after acquaintance ????????????? ?????? 20. Parents Uphold your father and mother ????? ?????? ???? 21. Gratitude Never forget gratitude ????? ????? 22. Promptness Cultivate in the suitable season ???????? ????? ???? 23. Snatch Never eat from the wealth of the snatched land ??? ??????? ??????? 24. Proper Never Act improperly ?????? ????? ?????? 25. Risk Refrain from snake-charming ????? ????? 26. Sleeping Sleep on soft cotton mattress ????? ??????? ?????? 27. Vilify Never speak deceitfully ??????? ?????? 28. Decency Never do anything indecently ???? ????? ?????? 29. Skill Learn while young ???????? ??? 30. Duty Don’t forget your duty ???? ?????? 31. Oversleeping Don’t oversleep ??????? ????? 32. Scold Never consider using coarse expressions ?????? ?? 3. Lives Undertake to protect lives ??????? ?????? 34. Considerate Live with consideration for others ??????? ?? ???? 35. Civility Remove Incivility ?????? ?????? 36. Personality Do not alter your good quality ?????? ???????? 37. Collaboration Don’t split from collaboration ?????????????? 38. Ruining Refrain from Ruining Others ????????? ??? 39. Oration Try to learn from oration ?????? ????? 40. Assisting Never deny assisting others using your skill ?????? ?????? 41. Plundering Never consider plundering ?????? ?????????? 42. Forbidden Abolish forbidden games ???????? ??? 43. Abusing Remove Insulting Words ???? ????? 44. Abide Obey the law of the land ????? ???? ???? 45. Follow Associate with the wise ???????? ???????? 46. Misgivings Never Tell Deceptively ????????? ?????? 47. Ethics Never Forget Good Conduct ?????? ?????? 48. Insult Never State anything provocatively ????????? ???????? 49. Gamble Dislike gambling ???? ?????????? 50. Performance Complete your performance correctly ?????? ????????? ???? 51. Collaboration Know the participant before collaboration ??????? ??????? ???? 52. Respect Don’t roam around to lose respect ?? ???? ???????? 53. Sharply Never speak without sharpness ???? ?????? ????? 54. Laziness

    Never wander with laziness ???????? ???????? 55. Esteem Physically position to uphold your esteem ??????? ???? ???? 56. Gifts Wish to offer gifts ?????? ???????? 57. Dedication Dedicate to God “Vishnu” ???????????? ????? ???? 58. Immorality Refrain from Immorality ?????? ?????? 59. Suffering Don’t let misery reaches you ????????????? ???? ?????? 60. Scrutinize Scrutinize Before Proceed ?????? ???? ???? 61. God Never Despise God ??????? ?????? 62. Harmony Live as others do ????????? ????? ???? 63. Imprudence Don’t follow any stupid advice from your wife ????? ???? ?????? 64. Tradition Don’t forget your traditions ????? ?????? 65. Failures Never stick to any fading deal ?????? ??????? 66. Pursue Stick to anything gainful ????? ????????? 67. Consensually Implement things acceptable to majority ???? ????? ???? 68. Esteem Don’t plunge from your reputation ???????? ???????? 69. Risk No sporting activities in rough waters ???? ?????????? 70. Inedible Don’t consume spoil food ?????? ??????? 71. Peruse Read many books ???? ?? ??? 72. Cultivate Cultivate paddy ???? ????? ???? 73. Behave Behave straight forward ?????? ????? 74. Hurting Never hurt others ?????? ??????? 75. Disagreement Never discuss unimportance issues ????? ??????? 76.

    Sickness Never exposed to infections ???????? ???? ?????? 77. Contemptible Never exchange contemptible ??????? ?????? 78. Dangerous Never fool around with any snake ???????? ?????? 79. Informing Never inform incorrectly ???????? ???????? 80. Prominence Follow the correct cause to bring fame ???? ??? ???? 81. Reliance Support those who paise you ????????????? ?????? ???? 82. Farm Earn for living by developing land ???? ???????? ??? 83. Astute Win the sympathy of the Astute ?????????? ?????? ???? 84. Unawareness Eradicate the lack of knowledge ????? ?????? 85. Naughty Never associate with the naughty ??????? ???????? 6. Wealth Work to flourish your wealth ??????????? ?????? ???? 87. War Never be a warrior ?????? ?????? ???????? 88. Mind Don’t let the mind to be perturbed ???? ????????? 89. Antagonist Make sure that no chance to your foes ???????????? ???? ?????? 90. Exaggerations Don’t tell with exaggeration ???????? ???????? 91. Consume Never desire to consume excessively ?????? ?????????? 92. Battlefields Never Visit War Zones ??????????? ???????? 93. Wicked Never be in agreement with the wicked ??????????? ???????? 94. Spouse Reside with your own sweet wife ?????? ??????? ???? ???? 95. Prophecy Listen to the advice of prophets ??? ?????? ???? ???? 96. Brothel Never visit to the residence of prostitutes ?? ???????? ??? ???? 97. Decisively Converse decisively without being suspected ??????? ?? ???? 98. Passion Never be attracted by the excitement ??????? ???? 99. Challenge Never boast your valour ?????? ?????? 100. Argument Avoid arguing with wise ???? ?????????? 101. Skill Desire to acquire skill ?????? ???????? 102. Blissfulness Pursue Ethics to Attain Blissfulness ???? ??? ???? 103. Noble Ascertain to be a noble ????????? ??? 104. Coexist Coexist harmoniously with your fellow citizens ?????? ???? ???? 105. Rebuke Don’t rebuke bluntly ???????? ?????? 106. Gain Don’t assist with the intention of getting benefits ?????? ???? ?????? 107. Waking Wake up before dawn ??????? ?????? ??? 108. Enemy Never befriended with the adversary ????????? ?????? 109. Justice Never give biased verdict ???? ???????? 6. 2 Complacent Conduct (?????? ??????? ) INVOCATION (?????? ???????? ) We worship the sacred feet of Lord Ganapathy who is the son of God Siva who adorned with golden shower flowers of Cassia Fistula. ?????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???? 1. God Mother and father are first known Gods ????????? ???????? ??????? ??????? 2. Worship

    Worship at Temple is an excellent habit ????? ??????? ??????? ????? 3. Family Righteousness act without Living as one with spouse is not good Moral ??? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ????? 4. Miser Wicked Grabs the Misers Wealth ????? ?????? ?????? ??????? 5. Food Limit the food consumption is the beauty of the wife ????? ??????????? ???????????? ???? 6. Clash If Confronted with Villagers, then Destroy Everything Including Roots ?????? ????????? ??????? ?????? 7. Knowledge Numbers and Letters are the Two Eyes ??????? ????????? ??? ???? ????? 8. Children Children are dearest when they act without reminders from parents ??? ?????? ???? ?????? 9. Obstruction Even If You Needs to Beg, Continue to Complete It ???? ???????? ?????? ???? 10. Permanent Marry and Live Together With the Same Person at One Place for Ever ???????? ????? ??????? ??? 11. Conduct Good Conduct is More Important for Priest than Chanting Mantras ?????? ????? ??????????? ???????? 12. Envy Speak Jealously Destroy Progress ?????? ??????? ???????????? ????? 13. Food Prudently Acquire Grains and Cash ??????? ?????? ????????? ???? 14. Loyalty Chastity for a woman is honest obedience to husband ????? ???? ?????? ???? ????????? 15. Protection The preservation of chastity is the duty of women ???? ???? ??????????? ???? 16. Unattainable Once it is impossible to achieve, forget that immediately ???????????? ??????? ?? 17. Politeness Speak Politely Even to the Underprivileged ?????? ??????? ??? ??? 18. Relationship Fault-finding Habits Eliminate Even Relationship ??????? ?????????? ??????? ????? 19. Domination Don’t Boast Bravery Even If You Have Sharp Arrows ???? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????? 20. Hurt Break Links with Those Carry Out Evil Acts to You ??????? ???????? ??????? ?????? 21. Determination Resilience during Adversity will Create Prosperity ???????? ????? ???????? ????? 22. Knowledge

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