Term paper On Tourism in Bangladesh On ENG 101 Submitted to Farhana Zareen Bashar Lecturer Dept. of English East West University Submitted by Name:Marufa khan ID :2009-3-10-043 DEPT:BBA Submission Date: East University West Introduction Tourism is often synonymous to traveling for pleasure and education. It is also a business of attracting tourists and providing for their accommodation and entertainment. In many countries, tourism is an industry for earning Inland Revenue and foreign exchange.
The many businesses that grow concomitantly with development of tourism include airlines, shipping, hotels and restaurants, finance companies, tour operators, travel agents, car rental firms, caterers and retail establishments and together, they contribute significantly to the overall development of a country’s economy and to its cultural diversification and assimilation. Bengal had always attracted tourists. Travelers from different parts of the world had interest in this part of the world since very ancient times. They visited Bengal with varied purposes.
Some came with missionary objectives, some with motives of exploring business opportunities; some came to attend seats of learning and some for meeting curiosity. Bangladesh and Tourism Bangladesh is one of the few countries in South Asia, which remains to be explored. Bangladesh has a delicate and distinctive attraction of its own to offer and it is definitely not a tourist haunt like Nepal or India. The traditional emphasis of the tourist trade has always been on the material facilities offered by a country rather than on its actual charms.
It’s a land of enormous beauty, hundreds of serpentine rivers, crystal clear water lakes surrounded by ever green hills, luxuriant tropical rain forests, world’s largest mangrove forest preserved as World Heritage, home of the Royal Bengal Tiger and the wild lives, wind in the paddy fields, abundance of sunshine, world’s longest natural sea beach, rich cultural heritage, relics of ancient Buddhist civilizations and colorful tribal lives, -Bangladesh creates an unforgettable impression of a land of peace.
Anyone will appreciate our culture and the environment, and can enjoy an ideal blend of adventure and exploration with comfort and relaxation. Tourist spots in Bangladesh Bangladesh offers tourists a variety of attractions in almost every part of the country, these are Bogra, Chittagong, Cox’s Bazar, Saint Martin’s Island, Dhaka, Dinajpur, Kaptai, Mainamati, Rangamati, Rajshahi, Sylhet, Sundarban, Mymensingh, Kuakata, Khulna, Shahjadpur, Kuthibari, Natore, Paharpur.
All of those area tourists are very much interested in Cox’s Bazar, Moynamoti, Rangamati, and Saint Martin’s Island. Cox’s Bazar Miles of golden sands, towering cliffs, surfing waves, rare conch shells, colorful pagodas, Buddhist temples and tribes, delightful sea-food–this is Cox’s Bazar, the tourist capital of Bangladesh. Having the world’s longest (120 kilometers. ) beach sloping gently down to the blue waters of the Bay of Bengal, Cox’s Bazar is one of the most attractive tourist sport in the country. Located at a distance of 152 km. outh of Chittagong, the leading seaport of Bangladesh, Cox’s Bazar is connected both by air and road from Dhaka and Chittagong. Other attractions for visitors are conch shell market, tribal handicraft, salt and prawn cultivation. The Cox’s Bazar consist of Himchari, Inani, Maheskhali, Ramu, Sonadia Island, Teknaf. Moynamoti About eight km. to the west of Comilla town which is situated 144 km. south east of Dhaka lies a range of low hills known as Mainamati-Lalmai ridge, an extensive centre of Buddhist culture.
On the slopes of these hills lie scattered a treasure of information about the early Buddhist civilization (7th-12th Century A. D. ) At Salban in the middle of the ridge, excavations bare a Large Buddhist Vihara (monastery) and imposing Central Sharine. It has revealed valuable information about the rule of the Chandra and Deva dynasties which flourished here from the 7th to 12th century. The whole range of hillocks run for about 18 km. and is studded with more than 50 sites.
A site museum houses the archaeological findings which include terracotta plaques, bronze statues and casket, coins, jewellery, utensils, pottery and votive stupas embossed with Buddhist inscriptions. Museum is open Sunday-Friday and closed on Saturday. Bangladesh Academy for Rural Development (BARD) Established nearby in 1959 is known for its pioneering role in co-operative movement. Rangamati From Chittagong a 77 km road amidst green fields and winding hills will take you to Rangamati, the headquarter of Rangamati Hill District which is a wonderful repository of scenic splendours with flora nd fauna of varied descriptions. The township is located on the western bank of the Kaptai Lake. Rangamati is a favourite holiday resort because of its beautiful landscape, scenic beauty, lake, colourful tribes (Chakma, Marma etc). , its flora and fauna, tribal museum, hanging bridge, homespun textile products, ivory jewellery and the tribal men and women who fashion them. For tourists the attractions of Rangamati are numerous, tribal life, fishing, speed boat cruising, water skiing, hiking, bathing or merely enjoying nature as it is.
Some of the Offers: Bangladesh Parjatan Corporation provides suitable hotel and cottage accommodation, catering, speed boat, paddle boat and other facilities at Rangamati. Saint Martin’s Island St. Martin’s Island is a small island in the northeast part of the Bay of Bengal, about 9 km south of the tip of the Cox’s Bazar-Teknaf peninsula, and forming the southernmost part of Bangladesh. It is the only coral island in Bangladesh. It is about 8 km west of the northwest coast of Myanmar at the mouth of the Naf River. The local name of the island is “Narical
Gingira”, also spelled “Narikel Janjina/Jinjera”, translated from Bangla, meaning ‘Coconut Island’. St. Martin’s Island has become a popular tourist spot. Currently, three shipping liners run daily trips to the island, including Sea-Truck and Keary-Sindbad. Tourists can book their trip either from Chittagong or from Cox’s Bazar. The surrounding coral reef of the island has an extension named Chera Dwip. Facilities for Tourists Food Western food is available in all major hotels and most of the big restaurants in import cities. But local dishes are normally far better and more exotic.
Curries of many kinds around, cooked with proper spices and hot curry powders, including Korma, Rezala, Bhoona and Masala Gosht, Chicken, mutton, beef, fish and prawns, Chicken Afghani, Chicken Baghdadi, Chicken Kashmiri, Chicken Tikka, boti kabab, shutli kabab and a variety of fish curries should be tried. Rice in the form of pulao, biriani-with rice and mutton or chicken and khichuri are available in any reasonable restaurant. Those who do not care for rice dishes can try mughlai parata, plain parata or naan, which go very well with curries. Seafood and sweet-water fish are available in most of the towns.
Fish-lovers should not miss smoked hilsa, fresh bhetki and hingri (lobster/king prawns) malaikari, Prawn dopyaza. Transportation Air: Bangladesh can be reached by air from any part of the world. Biman, Bangladesh airlines connects Dhaka with 27 major cities of the world. Abu Dhabi, Amsterdam, Athens, Bangkok, Bombay, Calcutta, Doha, Dubai, Jeddah, Karachi, Kathmandu, Kualalumpur, London, Muscat, Dhahran, Baghdad, Kuwait, Yangoon, Rome, Tripoli, Tokyo, Singapore, Baharin, Frankfurt, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Jakarta, Sarjah, Seoul, Riyadh and Delhi.
Besides Biman, several other (international) carriers also fly to and from Dhaka. Rail: The Bangladesh Railway provides an efficient service to places of interest such as Chittagong, Sylhet, Khulna, Mymensingh, Bogra, Rajshahi, Dinajpur starting from Dhaka. The inter-city Express Service is available to and from important cities at cheap fares. Bus/Coach Services: Road transport in Bangladesh is predominantly a private sector affair. Rates are among the cheapest in the world. Express and nonstop services are available to principal towns from Gabtali, Saidabad and Mohakhali bus terminals in Dhaka.
The Bangladesh Road Transport Corporation (BRTC) also maintains a country-wide network of bus services. Tourist Hotel Bangladesh Parjatan Corporation the National tourism Organization Operates Number of Modern hotels, motels and cottages throughout the country. Besides, there are private hotels and different Government, semi-Government and departmental rest-houses/guest-houses which may be hired. International standard hotels are available in Dhaka, Chittagong and Cox’s Bazar. Conclusion In Bangladesh, tourism has always been a potential sector. A lot has been said about it but not done.
What is wrong with most of the researches is in most of them our failures in tourism sector were discussed, but not the possibilities. Tourism is a sector with great possibilities. The salvation of our many economic problems lies within tourism. If we start implementing the plans and agendas on which we’ve worked for so long, we might become one of the top countries in tourism sector. References Information 1. Tourism of Bangladesh 2. Bangladesh Porjoton Corporation 3. Wikipedia 4. Banglapedia 5. Google. com 6. Microsoft Corporation Photo Courtesy 1. Image. google. com 2. Panorama bangladesh