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    The Oboe – History and Select Works Essay

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    The regular oboe first appeared in the mid-17th century, when it was called hautbois. The oboe belongs to the group of instruments called the woodwinds. In the case of the oboe it is air that vibrates and so it is classified as an aero phone, or enclosed or free masses of air. The original source of air comes from the oboist blowing air into the reed. The oboe has a double reed. When air is blown it goes over and under the reeds and causes them to vibrate. When both of these reeds are vibrating they pinch together rapidly.

    After researching famous oboist performers I found a few good references. Robert Bloom was a world-oboist and oboe teacher with a summer house on Great Cranberry Island. Bloom started his orchestral career playing second oboe and then English horn with the Philadelphia Orchestra (1930-36); his first job as principal was with Jose Iturbi in the Spanish maestro’s pre-MGM days as conductor of the Rochester Philharmonic. Bloom died in 1994. A few years later he was honored by becoming the first American oboist to be listed in Grove’s Dictionary of Music and Musicians.

    Another famous oboist is Tomaso Giovanni Albinoni, and he was particularly fond of the oboe, a relatively new introduction in Italy, and is credited with being the first Italian to compose oboe concertos (Op. 7, 1715). Albinoni seem to have been a oboist that was not recognized but produced a lot of pieces. A Swiss Oboist, conductor and composer Heinz Holliger, 70 years old, is one of Europe’s most accomplished musicians. Mr. Holliger is a regular guest conductor at the Vienna Konzerthaus, the Basel Musik Forum and the Zurich Opera House.

    In high demand as a composer, Heinz Holliger’s works are published exclusively by Schott Music International. Holliger was a man whose musical work sparked minds of others. He was so remarkably different than any other male composer. He gained much experience while being involved with the Opera House. He had many music forms that he used as a composer. Famous composers who have written music for oboe include Ludwig van Beethoven, John Williams, Gustav Mahler, Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, Richard Strauss, Vaughan Williams and Andrew Lloyd Webber.

    Repertoire http://www. naxos. com http://www. wqxr. org/#! /story/101244-ten-favorite-pieces-oboe/ Five famous pieces: Albinoni, Tomaso Giovanni Oboe Concerto in C Major, Op. 9, No. 5 1. I. Allegro 00:03:29 2. II. Adagio (non troppo) 00:01:58 3. III. Allegro 00:03:15 Handel, George Frideric Oboe Concerto No. 3 in G Minor, HWV 287 4. I. Grave 00:02:29 5. II. Allegro 00:01:57 Righini, Vincenzo Idomeneus Concerto 6. Idomeneus Concerto 00:03:49 Richard Strauss – Concerto for Oboe and Small Orchestra in D major

    Recording pick: Hansjorg Schellenberger, oboe with the Berlin Philharmonic conducted by James Levine (Deutsche Grammophon) Vincent D’Indy – Fantasy on French folk tunes for orchestra and solo oboe, Op. 31 Recording pick: Lajos Lencses, oboe with the Berlin Radio Orchestra conducted by Hans E. Zimmer (Capriccio) Georg Philipp Telemann – Concerto for Oboe and Strings # 18 in D minor Recording pick: Thomas Indermuhle, oboe with the English Chamber Orchestra (Novalis) The Virginia Symphony has a famous orchestra. George Corbett serves as oboist, English hornist and clinician.

    He has recorded with the Virginia Symphony, Santo Domingo Music Festival and Eastman Wind Ensemble. The Virginia Symphony presented him to perform three selections: Debussy’s Rhapsodie and Donizetti’s Concertino for English Horn as well as the recent world premier of Kenneth Fuch’s Eventide for English Horn, Strings and Percussion. His playing has been highlighted by the Virginia Gazette as “marked (with) expression and feeling, superbly displaying his rich tone, musicianship, virtuoso skills and sensitivity. ” By far Mr. Corbett is one great oboist of the new century. Another famous orchestra is the Cleveland Orchestra. Jeffrey Rathbun was born in Missouri on March 17, 1959, and was appointed Assistant Principal oboe of the Cleveland Orchestra by Christoph von Dohnanyi. During 2001-2003, Jeffrey Rathbun served as Principal oboe of the Cleveland Orchestra. Currently Rathbun is an active composer, and the Cleveland Orchestra has premiered his Daredevil, Three Psalms of Jerusalem, and Motions for Cellos, performed by the Cleveland cello section.

    This essay was written by a fellow student. You may use it as a guide or sample for writing your own paper, but remember to cite it correctly. Don’t submit it as your own as it will be considered plagiarism.

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