Get help now
  • Pages 4
  • Words 799
  • Views 522
  • Clare
    Verified writer
    • rating star
    • rating star
    • rating star
    • rating star
    • rating star
    • 4.7/5
    Delivery result 3 hours
    Customers reviews 346
    Hire Writer
    +123 relevant experts are online

    The comparison between the Medieval and Renaissance

    Academic anxiety?

    Get original paper in 3 hours and nail the task

    Get help now

    124 experts online

    The Medieval and Renaissance periods present two distinct cultures and worldviews in the human development. Unlike the Middle-Ages, several Renaissance scientists desired to learn about the earth apart from the idea of a Divine Creator, and philosophers brought in humanistic thinking. Innovations during this period like the gunpowder, telescope, microscope and the print press changed dramatically the people’s lifestyles and views of the world around them. Religion also varied greatly between these two eras. Reformation brought about turmoil during the Renaissance s opposed to the monastic life of the medieval period.

    One of the less obvious of these changes was that of music. In comparing Medieval and Renaissance times we can see a definite contrast in the style and content of what the music emphasized. The Medieval Era (450-1450), also known as the “The Dark ages” in Europe began about 450 with the disintegration of the Roman Empire, and the most important musicians were priests. The majority of liturgical music throughout this era was plainchant (Gregorian chant), which indicates a single sacred melody, without accompaniment, sung by a single person or by a choir in which each member sings the same part.

    In many respects, medieval chant is the same chant which can be heard in monasteries today, and much of the most important chant (or plainsong) was composed by early medieval saints. Another word to describe plainchant is monopoly, which – as opposed to polyphony. It means a single sound, whether sacred or not. The concept of mode was created to categorize plainchant, and is something which can often apply to polyphony in only strained fashion. The other ere important feature was that most medieval music was vocal. The plainchant conveys a calm, otherworldly quality.

    Its rhythm is flexible, without meter, and its melodies tend to move stepwise within a narrow range of pitches. The church modes were the basic scales of western music during the Middle Ages. They are like the major and minor scales in that they consist of seven tones and an eight tone that duplicates the first an octave higher. From paintings and literary descriptions we can find out that during this era instruments were used, and the prominent church instrument was the organ. It the beginning the organ was primitive, whose keys were operated by heavy blows of the fist.

    The Renaissance (1450-1600) could be described as an age of Curiosity and individualism, Exploration and Adventure, The rebirth of human creativity. During this period, due to the lost of power of the church and the new humanistic ideas, musical activity gradually shifted from the church to the court. Musically, the Renaissance period is sometimes called the golden age of a capable choral music, cause the music did not need instrumental accompaniment. The capable refers to unaccompanied choral music. The texture of the Renaissance music is chiefly polyphonic.

    Renaissance composers often used word painting, a musical sounds fuller than medieval music. Composers considered the harmonic effect of chords rather than superimposing one melody above another. Also, typical choral pieces have four, five, or six voices parts of nearly equal melodic interest. The two main Forms of sacred Renaissance Music are the mass and the motet. The mass is he liturgical music for church services, and the motet is a polyphonic choral work set to a sacred Latin text other than the ordinary of the mass.

    In the fourteenth century, for the first time, secular music had the upper hand in artistic developments. Renaissance secular vocal music was written for groups of solo voices and for solo voice with instrumental accompaniment. Secular music contained more rapid changes of mood than sacred music. Secular vocal pieces for a small group of singers, usually unaccompanied is called madrigal. It originates around 1520 in Italy ND it differs from the motet in the usage of a vernacular rather than Latin text, and the often use of word painting and unusual harmonies.

    One of the important features of madrigal is that it’s a piece for several voices set to a short poem, usually about love. Much of the instrumental music composed during the Renaissance was intended for dancing. Dance music was usually binary form BABY and it was performed in pairs, contrasting slow with fast or duple meter with triple meter. In conclusion, the Renaissance and Medieval time periods represent two different ultra, religious, and psychological views. We can see examples of this variation through music.

    These cultural, religious and psychological views affected where and how the music was played, and we can see the same trend occurring in today’s music. Word Cited:http://we. Razz-Berlin. MPEG. De/CPM/epochs. Attempts://www. Medieval. Org/ music/early/lists. Tonight’s Tees, Fallows David “Companion to Medieval and Renaissance Music”, University of California Press; 1 edition (March 26, 1998)Houdini Jeremy, “Understanding Music”, Prentice Hall; 5 edition (February 13, 2007)

    This essay was written by a fellow student. You may use it as a guide or sample for writing your own paper, but remember to cite it correctly. Don’t submit it as your own as it will be considered plagiarism.

    Need custom essay sample written special for your assignment?

    Choose skilled expert on your subject and get original paper with free plagiarism report

    Order custom paper Without paying upfront

    The comparison between the Medieval and Renaissance. (2017, Oct 01). Retrieved from

    Hi, my name is Amy 👋

    In case you can't find a relevant example, our professional writers are ready to help you write a unique paper. Just talk to our smart assistant Amy and she'll connect you with the best match.

    Get help with your paper
    We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy