INFORMATIVE SPEECH OUTLINE Hunter Schauer Due: April 12, 2013 Informative Outline Topic: Stress General Purpose: To Inform Specific Purpose: To inform my audience different types of stress and the different ways people cope with it. Thesis: From work stress to the stress of grieving there are different types of stress and different ways to cope with it. l. Introduction : Have you ever wanted to pull your hair out or Just yell at someone because you have a lot of pressure on you? This is called stress. A. Reason to Listen: Stress can be a serious problem for people, it can even be deadly.
B. Thesis Statement: From the disaster to the movie, the sinking of the Titanic remains one of the most famous tragedies in history. C. Credibility Statement: I researched several books and websites to research stress. 1 . While researching stress I found out different things that really surprised me. 2. I have read and studied my different many different books on stress. Any where from books from books on the biological aspects of stress to self help books. E. Preview of Main Points: 1. First, I will discuss the different types of stress. Positive and negative. 2. Next, I will discuss.
How stress affects different gender biologically and emotionally. 3. Finally, I will discuss the positive and negative ways to deal with stress. II. From the disaster to the movie, the sinking of the Titanic remains one of the most famous tragedies in history. A. Most people believe that stress is only from negative situations. a. According to the book Stress the Hidden adversary written by C. B. Dobson in 1983: There are two main different types of stress that are positive and negative. b. Positive stress is stress that, while not distressful it still causes stress hormones to affect the body. c.
Examples of positive stress are Hero stress, the stress of aiming high, and the d. Hero stress is the stress of saving somebodys life. Stress from aiming high comes from reaching for a goal that inspires, such as an athlete in competition. Major positive life changes are stressful because they are changes of the the unknown, but this stress is positive because forces someone out of their comfort zone a great example of this is moving to a new town. 2. Negative stress is when someone is put in a situation that puts them under a lot of pressure and they begin begin to doubt their own abilities to meet the challenge to hrive. . Examples of negative stress include but are not limited to: someone taking a test that they didn’t study for. Weight issues such as obesity or anorexia and stress from insomnia ( which is particularly bad because stress from insomnia can cause more insomnia which is a vicious cycle. c. According to the book Stress and Coping written in by Dr. Yochi Cohen-Charash, a Professor at Baruch College. Distress can be caused by too much negative stress. d. Side effects of too much negative stress include. Headache, stomach ache, diarrhea, irregular periods in women, irritability, over and under eating, and epression.
Transition: However the effects of stress can be different for each gender. 2. Gender is a big factor on how stress affects someone. 1 . According to the book Gender & Stress written by Rosalind Barnett in 1987. Stress releases a different bundles of hormones most notably cortisol, adrenaline and oxytocin. a. Adrenalin raises blood pressure and cortisol raises cholesterol. b. When these hormones are are at a high level for too long of a period of time, they suppress the immune system and can cause weight gain. c. Oxytocin is a hormone that not only suppresses adrenalin and cortisol but also nhibits social behavior and enhances relaxation. This is where gender begins to come into play. ) d. Men produce much less oxytocin than women, they also produce more testosterone. e. So due to the larger amount to Oxytocin, women tend to deal stress in a more nurturing manner, they tend to befriend and talk to others around them when they are stressed. f. While men have a more fight or flight response, they tend to confront their stressors g. If men are put under too much negative stress for too long, they are at more risk for heart disease and cancer due to high blood pressure and cholesterol an eakened immune systems. Transition: Luckily there are ways to avoid and reduce stress. . There are different ways to cope and deal with stress some are negative and some are positive. a. Some ways are negative because it is either damaging to oneself or others. b. On Nov. 9th 2013 1 had a interview with Jorge Garza, a nurse at the mental health wing at Alexian Brothers Medical Center about, negative ways people deal with c. He said that when releasing stress involves hurting oneself or others it is negative. d. Some examples he gave me of negative stress that hurts oneself is drinking, self njury, doing drugs, smoking cigarettes, overeating, under eating and talking down to yourself. . Negative stress that is damaging to others is getting into fist fights on purpose, yelling and cussing at innocent individuals, defacing property, arson, throwing objects at people in anger and insulting people. f. Negative ways of reducing stress does not only hurt yourself and others but it is also very poor a resolving the stress itself. g. Jorge said that resolving stress positively will help relieve stress much faster. In the book How to Avoid Stress before it Kills You written by Matthew J. Culligan in May, 1, 1980. here are many positive and effective ways to reduce stress. Examples include: Good diet, exercise, meditation, doing chores, walking pets, cooking, sports (especially golf) and painting ( even if you have no experience whatsoever. ) In conclusion stress is an important topic that everyone should know. There are positive and negative types of stress. Gender is a big factor in how someone experiences stress And that there are bad ways and good ways to get rid of stress. Hopefully next time you’re really stressed out you’ll remember what causes stress and remember how to relieve it.