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    Social and Ethical Expert Systems Essential

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    An Expert system is a software that can solve a narrowly defined set of problems using information and reasoning techniques normally associated With a human expert. Expert systems have the ability to perform at or near the level of a human expert in a particular field of study, hence the name ‘Expert Systems’ The government should spend money on expert systems. for research and production, as expert systems can be a large asset in many industries in the medical industry expert systems can be used as a strong assisting tool for surgeons and doctors (amongst many other areas of study): defining diseases and treatment and even operation procedures. Expert systems have large advantages over human experts; they have positive virtues such as always performing at the best of their ability and also performing consistently. Expert systems are presented in an electronic form and are accurate. reliable. and can be even more knowledgeable than a human expert.

    Expert systems provide a new and innovative way to discover and learn new information from an expert. Advantages of Expert systems. The expertise becomes available on any suitable computer hardware. thus the system distributes expertise more widely, and the cost associated with hiring a human‘s expertise is substantially larger than the cost of a Software Expert system. Expert systems have the ability to work in dangerous situations which would otherwise be impractical for human experts, This also means that Expert systems are permanent, they never pass away and their knowledge can include the expertise of several human experts. Expert systems provide reassurance. confidence and reliability that the correct decision has been reached Without the other variability of humans, the decision that has been concluded is final. The speed at which expert systems can derive at a conclusion can be very Vital, especially in emergency situations. The expert system can respond to answers faster and has increased availability than the human expert. They can provide information unemotionally, and steady – expert systems don’t suffer from stress or fatigue.

    Expert systems provide a new way to learn and have information presented. In having expert systems, we will be provided With many beneficial ways to educate people. Expert systems will provide us with a visual. electronic easy way to educate people. The younger generations in our age preler electronic media as opposed to human experts. Where can expert systems benefit our lives? Currently, applications of expert systems are already being prototyped in such situations as help desk systems and medical prognosis for early detection of diseases and other illnesses. Doctors can use expert systems as assistance for operations. There are many other uses in expert systems. Help desk applications Help desk systems are likely to be a key growth area in the future. Most help desk programs are expert system based and growth in this market is predicted at 20% – 30% per annum. Large savings in time and costs can be achieved because people increasingly turn to the telephone when they have a problem rather than read manuals.

    Imagine an expert system for troubleshooting for a printer for example . it asks questions relating to your problem and has a large number of scenarios built into it. and helps the user define the problem and present a solution. Medical Prognosis An expert system for early detection of cancer of the breast: The system was developed and prototyped in Taiwan. Breast Cancer Diagnosis Application is an expert system that was developed for early detection ol breast cancer.‘ The system undertakes a dialogue with a woman who is anxious about breast cancer. The ensuing conversation is divided into two parts: one is listening to the woman’s symptoms regarding the breast then giving advice, the other is an explanation of the breast cancer and how to detect it in its early stages.

    After listening to the woman’s symptoms. the system presents its conclusions and suggests courses of action that the woman should take. This system was developed in Japan. Extensive research into each of these fields plus other fields of expertise such as medicme. finance, science. can prayide us With different types of adVice, whether it be configuration, diagnosis, instruction, progn05is. remedy or monitoring ~ more research WIII prowde Australians With expert systems integrated into our daily lives. If we put resources into research of expert systems, in the future. our country can become a Smart Country‘ bringing us up to the new technology age.

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