Nike, Inc. is an integrated company which designs, advancements and markets worldwide athletic, footwear, dress, equipment and accoutrements. This company is a big publically traded athletic wear and equipment provider which is based in United States. And it is the universe ‘s taking provider that supplies athletic places and dress and it is a major maker of athleticss equipment with gross over $ 18.6 billion in twelvemonth 2008. In that twelvemonth Nike employed more than 30 000 people worldwide. [ 1 ]
In 1964 the company started Blue Ribbon Sport which was founded by athlete Phil Knight and his manager Bill Bowerman.
Nike produces a broad scope of merchandises, such as places and dress for athletics activities like football, tennis, running, hoops, golf, combat athleticss, and American football for work forces, adult females and kids. The first merchandise of Nike was track running places which ware released by Nike in 1987.
Some of the company ‘s places cut down weight because they contain Fly wire and Linarite Foam.
In 2010 Nike aggregation were worn by university squads like Miami, Alabama, Florida, Oregon, West Virginia, Pittsburgh etc.
NIKE ‘S SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT
Supply Chain Management or ( SCM ) is the direction of the full value-added concatenation, from the provider to maker right through to the retail merchant and the concluding client. Three primary ends of SCM are: Reducing stock list, increasing the dealing velocity by interchanging informations in real-time and increasing gross revenues by implementing client demands more expeditiously. [ 3 ] Shortly, SCM is a concern web change overing from purchasing, doing, traveling, and warehousing to selling.
The purpose of Nike was to make their merchandises different or alone from other shoe manufacturers that ‘s why the supply concatenation direction of Nike focused on that by keeping its relationship with its providers in order to be able to make its production procedure better. Nike ‘s supply concatenation includes all the activities, such as goods and services from the natural stuff phase, assembly, makers, warehouse, parts providers, and distribution to the end-user whose primary end is to maximise the value and stockholder wealth of the company.
Supply concatenation direction brought certain benefits to the company. Costss from outsourcing allowed Nike to concentrate on its nucleus competences such as merchandise design, selling, and Air Sole engineering. Relationship of company with its providers made it contingent for them to hold better quality merchandise with low costs through reduced administrative and paysheet costs. Nike ‘s assortment of 860 providers allow them flexibleness, besides allowed them faster service in instances of exigencies and choice criterion. The engineerings of Nike like reassigning informations, orders, communicating via cyberspace and databases allow them execute and run into the demands of clients in a timely mode and at the same clip allowed them to hold a good stock list and monitoring control.
Nike ‘s supply concatenation was confronted with many obstructions. One of the grounds was an expensive execution of proficient constituents ; another ground was holding excessively many providers which can take them losing control of stock list and operations direction. A mistake of some shoe parts providers can ensue hold in its supply concatenation procedure ; non execution of providers of Nike ‘s can one time once more dispose of the public perceptual experience of the company and besides tendency prognosiss and unstable economic system may impact consumers need.
I2 SOFTWARE IMPLEMENTATION
In 1999, Nike Inc. decided to implement the first portion of the supply concatenation scheme. So they decided for demand and supply concatenation be aftering application package from i2 engineering. [ 4 ] The cost of this scheme was $ 40 million. The scheme of Nike utilizing i2 package was to assist the company to enable them decide and observe any jobs efficaciously, to execute effectual concern planning, and assist them to fit the supply with demand by mapping out the fabrication of specific merchandises.
REASONS FOR I2 ‘S SOFTWARE FAILURE
The failure was bosom when the company announced that they had net incomes of $ 97.4 million and this amount was 48 million below from their earlier prognosis for the 3rd one-fourth ended February 28, 2001.They besides mentioned that this gross short autumn was caused from the supply concatenation package that was installed signifier i2 ‘s Technologies. By the manner this failure affected company ‘s repute as an advanced user of engineering. Some jobs that were caused from the i2 package were as follows:
Integration: it could n’t incorporate with SAP ERP, the integrating was required to be with ERP, SCM and CRM but this did n’t go on in i2 SCM that was working so stray.
Customization: there was a high customization demand prognosis which caused system operations to be really slow.
Deployment utilizing bequest system: the complexness for come ining input information by the deficiency of integrating in several linguistic communications and besides subsystems consequences in clangs, bugs, tremendous holds.
There was no realistic clip of ends: because there was an utmost force per unit area In timelines, this consequence in low degree of proving before traveling alive and may be forcing the chance of mistakes.
And the undermentioned jobs were that the package was giving unequal information, the market status begins to alter and NCS undertaking complication and as a consequence of all this reappraisal of meetings.
After all this jobs the Nike and the company that produced package were indicating finger at each other. Software Company said that they had some specific templets and methodological analysis for usage and we ever recommend to our clients to follow them but Nike alternatively chose non to make that. Besides she added that Nike ‘s job is isolated incident and the other 1000 companies are non in hazard.
IMPLEMENTING SAP AFS
This clip Nike decided to implement specifically developed package for dress and for footwear industry the package called AFS which was a discrepancy of the SAP R/3. With the individual Instance Strategy, Nike begin utilizing SAP AFS application across all the geographicss where Nike is sold and, on the other manus they besides decided to take to implement the other SAP applications which include Supply Chain direction ( SCM ) and Business Information warehouse which was considered a pilot trial of SAP Net Weaver platform for the close hereafter. The company thinks that the individual Instance Strategy would ensue in better integrating and besides supply a competitory border by enabling holistic position of its concern.
Nike spent six old ages and $ 500 million on the undertaking. In 2004 the 80 % of the undertaking was completed, and the company gained several benefits from the undertaking. The benefits were spliting:
better fiscal direction
improved their gross of prediction
decreased the stock list degree
speedy maker and design procedure
Better integrating between sections
Improved degree of determination devising
Better visibleness into costumer order minutess
As a decision we can state that every company sneers by their errors even though this mistakes cost a batch. As we discussed below one of the biggest error of the Nike was taking a hapless quality company that had ne’er designed such large package and tried first clip on Nike and when the job occurred they were n’t able to accept their mistakes. By the manner besides we learned the importance of pilot trial because of the force per unit area they could n’t prove the package and they faced a job such that the lose was felt 9 months in the company. There was a vision spread in the company, where the function of prediction was n’t clearly defined and it had a difficult influence on supply concatenation direction. And eventually if at that place existed any experient external adviser, both old jobs would hold been managed.