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    Sahara and Timbuktu Sample Essay

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    Timbuktu was and still is located in Mali. Africa. It served its importance in 1300-1600 BCE. through bookmans. trade. and architectural accomplishments. The importance of bookmans. wealth. trade and architectural accomplishments. along with the influential people made Timbuktu one of the most of import metropoliss in the post-classical universe. One of the bookmans at this clip was Al-Rahman. who was an Arab bookman who visited Timbuktu. He found that bookmans of Timbuktu were more knowing in Islamic instructions than himself. Because of his visit. Timbuktu gained a repute throughout Islamic and Christian universes as a metropolis of wealth ( Fritze ) . That was their feeling of Timbuktu and they gained regard towards the metropolis. Muslim people who traveled to this metropolis spread the wealth of Timbuktu and inspired Arabs to see the metropolis. Mansa Musa was the first emperor of Mali in 1300 and was besides a really influential individual in Timbuktu. He attracted merchandisers and bookmans from Northern Africa to Timbuktu. He besides contributed to the prominence of Timbuktu going the centre of Muslim instruction ( Fritze ) . Mansa Musa was great aid to Timbuktu’s wealth and popularity.

    He was one of the lone emperors who helped alter Timbuktu as a metropolis and was the greatest emperor of Mali. Trade has a immense impact on this metropolis. Timbuktu had many goods that were imported. exported and traded in and out of its metropolis. These goods were gilded. slaves and tusk ( Fritze ) . The slaves were from Arab bargainers who captured and brought them in Mediterranean states to merchandise ( Kaba ) . Kola nuts were valuable trade goods and were in high demand ( Fritze ) . Cowrie shells were of import and used for many things. such as. money. salt. fabric. Cu. books. day of the months. figs and metalwork. Cowrie shells were besides valuable within trading intents ( Kaba ) . They used cowry shells to pull people to each other because it was a mark of wealth and beauty to one another. Timbuktu developed a well-deserved repute of huge wealth from trade. Besides. Timbuktu became the market town for its part and was a portion of one of the most of import ports along the Southern boundary of The Sahara Desert ( Fritze ) . Timbuktu stood at the junction of three of import trans-Saharian train paths. “One was the western Mauritanian path that began at Wadi Nun and passed through Wadan and Tishit.

    Another path was the northern Taghaza salt route that went on to Morocco via the oasis of Sijilmasa. The last path went east to In Salah by manner of Arawan ( Fritze ) ” . The Silk route besides evolved within the trade paths. The Silk Road is through the desert and is critical to the trans-Saharan trade path ( Fritze ) . One of the most impressive architectural accomplishments in Africa were mosques. A mosque is where Muslims worship. There were three chief mosques that were built in the 13th century. The first 1 was called Djinquereber and it instead attributed to Spanish designer. This was besides the most esteemed of the three mosques. The 2nd 1 was called Sankore and it was built by Mande ( Malian ) Hegemony between 1325 BCE and 1433 BCE ( Scarre 144 ) . In the period of when Malian ruled. when Sankore was built. Sandkore was a topographic point of worship for Muslims and served as a community centre for both supplication and survey ( Fritze ) . The last of the three was called Sidi Yahya and it was built in 1440 by the Timbuktu head. Muhammad Naddi. It was named Sidi Yahya in award of a friend in the Sidi Yahya World ( Scarre 144 ) .

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