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    The best way to visualize a small left sided pneumothorax is
    a. Right lateral
    b. Left lateral
    c. Right lateral decubitus
    d. Left lateral decubitus
    Pneumothorax is best demonstrated by taking a radiograph, with the patient in
    a. Inspiration
    b. Full inspiration
    c. Expiration
    d. Prone
    Minimal pleural effusion is best detected by x-ray …… view
    a. AP
    b. PA
    c. Oblique
    d. Lateral
    The best view of the chest to show minimal pleural effusion is
    a. PA view
    b. AP view
    c. Lateral decubitus view
    d. Oblique view
    Best view to diagnose minimal amount of fluid in pleural space
    a. AP view
    b. PA view
    c. Apical view
    d. Lateral decubitus view
    The chest X-ray viewbest suited for pleural effusion detection is
    a. AP view
    b. PA view
    c. Lateral decubitus view
    d. Lateral view
    The best view to visualize a right pleural effusion in chest X-ray is
    a. Right lateral
    b. Left lateral
    c. Right lateral decubitus
    d. Left lateral decubitus
    A patient presents with minimal pleural effusion on the right side. The best method to detect this would be
    a. Right side chest X-ray
    b. Left side chest X-ray
    c. Left lateral decubitus chest X-ray
    d. Right lateral decubitus chest X-ray
    All the following calcify except
    a. Medulloblastoma
    b. Ependymoma
    c. Oligodendroglioma
    d. Meningioma
    The earliest USG finding in pregnancy is
    a. Gestational sac
    b. Fetal cardiac activity
    c. Placenta
    d. Fundal thickening
    Half-life of 99m Tc is
    a. 2 hours
    b. 4 hours
    c. 6 hours
    d. 8 hours
    Which of the following is a naturally occurring radioactive substance in the body found in small quantities
    a. Radium 226
    b. Bismuth 50
    c. Iodine 131
    d. Potassium 40
    Residual mediastinal and retroperitoneal lymphoma is assessed by
    a. Bipedal lymphangiogram
    b. Technetium 99m pyrophosphate scans
    c. Restaging procedure
    d. Gallium scan
    Atomic number corresponds to
    a. Number of protons
    b. Number of electrons
    c. Number of neutrons
    d. Electrons + Protons
    Bilateral ” spider leg” sign in IVP is indicative of
    a. Renal stones
    b. Hypernephroma
    c. Hydronephrosis
    d. Polycystic kidney
    Calcification of meniscal cartilage is a feature of
    a. Psedugout
    b. Reiter’s syndrome
    c. Hyperparathyroidism
    d. Acromegaly
    Ideal imaging method to diagnose hydrocephalus in infant is
    a. MRI
    b. USG
    c. CT scan
    d. Plain X-ray
    a. Open fontanelle
    Neurosonography of neonates is preferred over CT scan because
    a. Open fontanelle
    b. Inexpensive
    c. Children more cooperative
    d. Better resolution
    Excretory urography should be catiously performed in
    a. Leukemia
    b. Neuroblastoma
    c. Bone secondaries
    d. Multiple myeloma
    IVP is contraindicated in
    a. Multiple myeloma
    b. Kidney stones
    c. Transplanted kidney
    d. Renal cyst
    Most important investigation for pericardial effusion is
    a. Lateral view of Xray-chest
    b. Echocardiography
    c. USG
    d. Cardiac catheterization
    Best method for diagnosing pericardial effusion is
    a. Echocardiography
    b. Gallium scan
    c. Angiography
    d. USG
    c. Sturge weber syndrome
    ” Tram line” calcification is seen in
    a. Ependymoma
    b. Thrombosed cerebral veins
    c. Sturge weber syndrome
    d. Meningioma
    Tram track appearance on X-ray of the hand is seen in
    a. Sturge-weber syndrome
    b. Von-hippel lindau disease
    c. Tuberous sclerosis
    d. Neurofibroma
    Which one of the following is the contrast used in MRI scan
    a. Iodine
    b. Gadolinium
    c. Rose Bengal
    d. Strontium

    Answer: All of them have egg shell calcificatoin

    A helpful mnemonic for major causes of eggshell calcification in the thorax and mediastinum is:

    A Silly Cool Sergeant Likes His Tubercular Blast
    Mnemonic

    A: amyloidosis
    S: Silicosis
    C: Coal workers’ pneumoconiosis (CWP)
    S: Sarcoidosis
    L: Lymphoma: (postirradiation Hodgkin disease)
    H: Histoplasmosis (e.g. pulmonary histoplasmosis)
    T: Tuberculosis
    B: Blastomycosis (e.g. pulmonary blastomycosis)

    “Egg shell calcification” is seen in
    a. Silicosis
    b. Sarcoidosis
    c. Tuberculosis
    d. Histoplasmosis
    d. Thumb print appearance
    Radiologic sign characteristic of ischemic colitis is
    a. Inverted 3 appearance
    b. Cobra head sign
    c. Craggy popcorn appearance
    d. Thumb print appearance
    c. Thumb printing
    Radiological feature of ischemic colitis is
    a. Saw tooth appearance
    b. Nose pipe appearance
    c. Thumb printing
    d. Cobble stone appearance
    c. 5.7
    Half life of cobalt-60 is ___ years.
    a. 2-3
    b. 1.2
    c. 5.7
    d. 3.4
    c. Gamma rays
    Radioactive cobalt emits
    a. Neutrons
    b. Alpha rays
    c. Gamma rays
    d. Beta rays
    c. 270 days
    The half life of Co-57 is
    a. 2.6 years
    b. 5.2 years
    c. 270 days
    d. 3200 years
    b. CT
    Which of the following investigations are to be done for the diagnosis of carcinoma head of pancreas
    a. Pelvic X-ray abdomen
    b. CT
    c. USG
    d. Hypotonic duodenography
    c. CT scan
    Best diagnosis for pancreatic disease
    a. PTC
    b. ERCP
    c. CT scan
    d. USG
    c. CT scan
    Most sensitive investigation of pancreatic carcinoma is
    a. Angiography
    b. ERCP
    c. CT scan
    d. Ultrasound
    d. Milkman’s pseudofracture
    Looser’s zone is characteristic of
    a. Hyperparathyroidism
    b. Scurvy
    c. Hypoparathyroidism
    d. Milkman’s pseudofracture
    Pseudofracture or looser's zone is seen in a. Vitamin C deficiency b. Thyroiditis c. Osteoporosis d. Osteomalacia

    d. Osteomalacia

    Milkman’s pseudofractures
    – These lesions are composed of poorly mineralized osteoid matrix and are not true fractures or stress fractures.
    – It appears as a thin, translucent band, about 2 mm in width, which runs perpendicular to the surface of the bone extending from the cortex inwards.
    – They are oriented perpendicular to the long axis of the bone, and do not cross the entire bone.
    – It represents insufficiency fractures through unmineralized osteoid in patients with osteomalacia.

    – Common sites include axillary margins of the scapulae, ribs, pubic rami, proximal femurs, proximal ulnae and proximal humerus.

    – Similar changes radiographically may be seen in Paget’s disease; however, they are only seen in involved bone and are not generalized.

    In addition, the lines in Pagets occur on the convex side of the bone(tensile aspect) while in osteomalacia they occur on the concave side (compressive aspect).
    The lines in Paget’s represent insufficiency fractures.

    Read more:
    1. http://www.mypacs.net/cases/OSTERMALACIA-WITH-LOOSERS-ZONES-805293.html
    2. http://www.arthritisresearchuk.org/arthritis-information/conditions/osteomalacia/symptoms.aspx

    Pseudofracture or looser’s zone is seen in
    a. Vitamin C deficiency
    b. Thyroiditis
    c. Osteoporosis
    d. Osteomalacia
    d. 2 D echocardiography
    Best investigation for cardiac tamponade is
    a. M mode ECG
    b. USG
    c. Real time ECG
    d. 2 D echocardiography
    c. 8 days
    Half life of I-131 is
    a. 10 days
    b. 4 days
    c. 8 days
    d. 4 hours
    c. 99m Tc DTPA
    Renal GRF can be estimated by
    a. 99m TC + 121 Gallium
    b. 99m Tc DMSA
    c. 99m Tc DTPA
    d. 99m Tc DMSA
    c. 5 rads
    Safe maximum dose of radiation per year in human being is
    a. 20 rads
    b. 10 rads
    c. 5 rads
    d. 1 rad
    Kerley B lines are seen when pulmonary venous pressure is
    a. 5 mm Hg
    b. 10 mmHg
    c. 22 mm Hg
    d. 40 mm Hg
    d. Bronchoalveolar carcinoma
    Pulmonary kerley B-lines are seen in all the following except
    a. Pulmonary edema
    b. Mitral valve disease
    c. Interstitial fibrosis
    d. Bronchoalveolar carcinoma
    c. Intracranial metallic aneurysm clips
    Contraindication for the user of NMR imaging is
    a. Psychotic patients
    b. Patients on lithium
    c. Intracranial metallic aneurysm clips
    d. Patients receiving radiotherapy
    c. MRI scan
    Radiation exposure does not occur in
    a. Plain X-ray
    b. Fluoroscopy
    c. MRI scan
    d. CT scan
    Which is not mutagenic
    a. Ultraviolet rays
    b. Beta rays
    c. X-ray
    d. Ultrasound
    Investigation of choice for subarachnoid hemorrhage is
    a. Angiography
    b. CT scan
    c. Enhanced MRI
    d. MRI
    Noninvasive procedure for CVA is
    a. EEG
    b. Echoencephalography
    c. Angiography
    d. CT scan
    d. Anencephaly
    Congenital malformation that can be detected earliest on USG
    a. Down syndrome
    b. Sacral agenesis
    c. Hydrocephalus
    d. Anencephaly
    b. Lateral view
    Best view for visualizing sella turcica on X-ray is
    a. AP view
    b. Lateral view
    c. Open mouth view
    d. Dorsal view
    c. Se-75
    In pancreatic scanning, isotope most commonly used is
    a. I-131
    b. Tc-99
    c. Se-75
    d. Cr-51
    a. Splenic disease
    Technetium labelled red cells are used in
    a. Splenic disease
    b. Pulmonary embolism
    c. Renal disease
    d. Biliary tree
    a. Ventilation perfusion scan
    Gold standard for pulmonary embolism is
    a. Ventilation perfusion scan
    b. Contrast MRI
    c. MRI
    d. CT
    a. Ventilation perfusion scan
    In pulmonary embolism the investigation of choice is
    a. Ventilation perfusion scan
    b. Contrast MRI
    c. MRI
    d. CT
    b. Ventilation perfusion scan
    Pulmonary embolism is best diagnosed by
    a. CT scan
    b. Ventilation perfusion scan
    c. USG
    d. X-ray chest PA view
    a. G2M stage
    Radiosensitive stage is
    a. G2M stage
    b. G2 stage
    c. G1 stage
    d. S phase
    'Popcorn calcificatoin' is seen in a. Tuberculosis b. Carcinoid c. Hamartoma d. Teratoma

    c. Hamartoma

    Popcorn calcification:
    – A cluster of sharply defined, irregularly lobulated, amorphous calcifications often with rings and arcs that resemble popped corn kernels.
    – Usually seen in a pulmonary nodule
    – Popcorn calcifications within a well circumscribed pulmonary nodule are highly suggestive of pulmonary chondroid hamartoma.

    This type of calcification may be seen in many radiological settings including:
    a. Chondroid lesions (e.g enchondroma, chondrosarcoma)
    b. Fibrous dysplasia
    c. Pulmonary hamartomas
    d. Degenerating fibroadenomas of the breast

    – They are also seen in metaphyses and epiphyses of long bones of children with osteogenesis imperfecta.

    Read more:
    1. http://posterng.netkey.at/esr/viewing/index.php?module=viewing_poster;task=viewsection;pi=121234;ti=406237;searchkey=
    2. https://online.epocrates.com/u/2921547/Evaluation+of+solitary+pulmonary+nodule/Diagnosis/Approach
    3. http://radiopaedia.org/articles/popcorn-calcification

    ‘Popcorn calcificatoin’ is seen in
    a. Tuberculosis
    b. Carcinoid
    c. Hamartoma
    d. Teratoma
    c. Hamartoma
    “Popcorn calcification” in lung is virtually diagnostic of
    a. Tuberculoma
    b. Carcinoid
    c. Hamartoma
    d. Teratoma
    c. CT scan (HRCT)
    Best method of detecting minimal bronchiectasis is
    a. Chest X-ray
    b. Radionuclide lung scan
    c. CT scan (HRCT)
    d. Bronchography
    b. Bronchography
    In bronchiectasis the investigation of choice is
    a. USG
    b. Bronchography
    c. Bronchoscopy
    d. X-ray

    c. Driven snow appearance

    Pindborg tumor:
    Calcifying Epithelial Odontogenic Tumor

    On radiographs, it appears as a radiolucency (dark area) and is known for sometimes having small radiopacities (white areas) within it. In those instances, it is described as having a “driven-snow” appearance. Microscopically, there are deposits of amyloid-like material.

    Which of the following is seen in Pindborg tumo
    a. Sunray appearance
    b. Onion peel appearance
    c. Driven snow appearance
    d. Cherry Blossom appearance
    Multiple punched out lytic lesions in X-ray are seen in a. Eosinophilic granuloma b. Multiple myeloma c. Craniopharyngioma d. Paget's disease

    @ Punched out lucencies without surrounding osteosclerosis are the characteristic lesions seen on plain radiographs of the skull in the patient with disseminated myeloma.

    In primary hyperparathyroidism, extensive resorption bone in the skull in combination with cystic areas of osteopenia are termed pepper pot skull.

    1. http://images.md/myeloma-multiple-myeloma/
    2. http://roentgenrayreader.blogspot.com/2012/09/pepper-pot-skull.html

    Multiple punched out lytic lesions in X-ray are seen in
    a. Eosinophilic granuloma
    b. Multiple myeloma
    c. Craniopharyngioma
    d. Paget’s disease

    Dilatation of pancreatic side branches is more apparent on MRI than CT and may cause the so called “string of pearls” or “chain of lakes” appearance on MRCP.

    See more at: http://www.appliedradiology.com/articles/imaging-of-the-pancreas-part-1#sthash.uqFPBiaZ.dpuf

    ” Chain of lakes” appearance is seen in
    a. Ductal adenoma
    b. Carcinoma of head of pancreas
    c. Acute pancreatitis
    d. Osteopetrosis
    d. Osteopetrosis
    Marble bone appearance is characteristic of
    a. Achondroplasia
    b. Fluorosis
    c. Osteogenesis imperfecta
    d. Osteopetrosis
    c. USG
    Investigation of choice for gallstones is
    a. CT Scan
    b. Oral cholecystography
    c. USG
    d. X-ray
    b. Leiomyoma
    “Bull’s eye” lesion is seen in
    a. Metastatic tumor of breast
    b. Leiomyoma
    c. Carcinoma lung
    d. Malignant melanoma
    c. Craniopharyngioma
    Most common calcifying tumor brain tumor in child is
    a. Meningioma
    b. Glioma
    c. Craniopharyngioma
    d. Medulloblastoma
    d. Thallium-201
    Radioisotope used for myocardial scanning is
    a. INdium
    b. Gallium
    c. Technetium-147
    d. Thallium-201
    b. Magnetic movement of nucleus
    NMR is based on
    a. Electrical movement of nucleus
    b. Magnetic movement of nucleus
    c. Nuclear fission
    d. Charge of nucleus
    c. H+
    In MRI the images are produced due to
    a. K+
    b. N2O
    c. H+
    d. CO2
    NMR (MRI) is based on principle of
    a. Electron
    b. Neutron
    c. Proton
    d. Microwaves
    a. Concentric dense calcification
    Characteristic of benign lesion in chest Xray is
    a. Concentric dense calcification
    b. Peripheral location
    c. Cavitation
    d. > 5cm in diameter
    a. Neurofibroma
    Not included in the differential diagnosis of solitary pulmonary nodule
    a. Neurofibroma
    b. Hamartoma
    c. Bronchial adenoma
    d. Tuberculoma
    a. 99m-Tc
    Radioactive material used for ventriculography is a
    a. 99m-Tc
    b. 9-K
    c. 201-Th
    d. 60-Co
    Due used in myelography is
    a. Iopanoic acid
    b. Metrizamide
    c Dianonosil
    d. Conray (Iothalamate)
    Cell which is most sensitive to radiation is
    a. Platelet
    b. Basophil
    c. Lymphocyte
    d. Neutrophil
    a. Thallium technetium isotope substraction scan
    Investigation of choice in Parathyroid pathology is
    a. Thallium technetium isotope substraction scan
    b. Thallium scan
    c. Gallium scan
    d. CT scan
    c. Lumbar puncture
    Investigation not done in brain tumor is
    a. X-ray skull
    b. MRI
    c. Lumbar puncture
    d. CT Scan
    Chemotherapeutic agent of choice in carcinoma pancreas is
    a. Streptomycin
    b. Adriamycin
    c. 5-FU
    d. Mitomycin C

    c. Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis

    In HPS the pyloric channel appears “elongated”, because there is a failure in the relaxation of the pre-pyloric antrum.

    Barium study is performed with the infant in the right anterior oblique position, to facilitate gastric emptying.

    – Fluoroscopic observations include vigorous active peristalsis resembling a caterpillar and coming to an abrupt stop in the pyloric antrum, outlining the external thickened muscle as an extrinsic impression, termed the
    @ Shoulder sign.

    – The String Sign – appears when the channel is outlined by a string of contrast material

    – The Double Track sign – appears when several linear tracts of contrast material are separated by the intervening mucosa.

    – The Tit sign – appears when the luminal barium is transiently trapped between the peristaltic wave and the muscle.

    USG signs:
    1. The “cervix” sign: appearance of HPS on long-axis US images, resembling the uterine cervix.

    2. The “donut” lesion : represents the sonolucent thickened muscle, located medial to the gallbladder and anterior to the kidney.

    3. The “nipple” sign: The redundant mucosa may protrude into the distended portion of the antrum causing the nipple sign.

    See more:
    1.
    http://posterng.netkey.at/esr/viewing/index.php?module=viewing_poster&task=viewsection&pi=126777&ti=433460&si=1482&searchkey=#poster
    2.
    http://posterng.netkey.at/esr/viewing/index.php?module=viewing_poster&task=viewsection&pi=5924&ti=31367&searchkey=

    ” String sign” is indicative of
    a. Irritable bowel syndrome
    b. Ulcerative colitis
    c. Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis
    d. Toxic mega colon
    a. Eosinophilic granuloma
    Vertebra plana is seen in
    a. Eosinophilic granuloma
    b. Tuberculosis
    c. Malignancy
    d. Fracture of spine
    d. Hydronephrosis
    ” Rim sign” in IVP is characteristic of
    a. Hypernephroma
    b. Chronic pyelonephritis
    c. Infantile polycystic kidney
    d. Hydronephrosis
    c. Normal X-ray
    Most common radiological feature in pulmonary embolism is
    a. Rat tail configuration of vessels
    b. Westermark’s sign
    c. Normal X-ray
    d. Pleural effusion
    b. Ureterocele
    Cobra head deformity is characteristic of
    a. Cystitis
    b. Ureterocele
    c. Posterior urethral valve
    d. Bladder tumor
    Radiofrequency ablation treatment is useful in
    a. Ventricular premature complex
    b. WPW syndrome
    c. Atrial fibrillation
    d. Ventricular fibrillation
    In cerebral angiography the dye is injected through
    a. Radial artery
    b. Axillary artery
    c. Brachial artery
    d. Femoral artery
    On USG findings of cystic hygroma is suggestive of
    a. Klinefelter syndrome
    b. Marfan’s syndome
    c. Down syndrome
    d. Turner’s syndrome
    X-ray view for supraorbital fissure is
    a. Basal
    b. A/P
    c. Caldwell
    d. Towne’s
    Half life of 222Rn is:
    a. 3.8 days
    b. 4 days
    c. 6 days
    d. 5 days
    Longest half-lfie is of
    a. Cesium
    b. Uranium
    c. Radon
    d. Radium
    Microwave causes
    a. Retinal detachment
    b. Heating up of tissues
    c. Microscopic hemorrhages
    d. Convulsions
    Ultrasound waves are produced by means of ___ crystals
    a. Ferromaggnetic
    b. Piezoelectric
    c. Ferro electric
    d. Paramagnetic
    Noble prize of 1998 was given for discovery of
    a. Nitric oxide
    b. Super oxide
    c. Nitrous oxide
    d. H2O2
    Nucleus of an atom contains
    a. Neutrons
    b. Protons
    c. Both a and b
    d. Positrons
    The theory of nuclear mangnetic resonance was elucidated by
    a. Branwald
    b. Richard wolf
    c. Edward Purcell
    d. Goldman
    Nuclear medicine is the term used for
    a. Treatment by radiation
    b. Use radium for diagnossi
    c. Nucleic acid analysis
    d. X-rays
    Hertz is the unit of
    a. Loudness
    b. Intensity
    c. Power
    d. Frequency
    Ultrasound refers to sound waves with a frequency of
    a. 20/sec
    b. 20-200/sec
    c. 200/sec
    d. More than 20,000/sec
    In ultrasound machine the piezoelectric crystals is made of
    a. Silicon
    b. Lead zirconate titanate
    c. Tungsten
    d. Molybdenum
    Neutron emitting radioisotope which is used in radiotherapy is
    a. Californium
    b. Polonium
    c. Helium
    d. Strontium
    Which radioisotope is capable of displacing calcium from the body
    a. Radium
    b. Strontium
    c. Plutonium
    d. Iridium
    The stethoscope was invented by
    a. William harvey
    b. Laennec
    c. Lister
    d. Robert Koch
    The ophthalmoscope was invented by:
    a. Tachemig
    b. Honarda
    c. Coldmann
    d. Helmholtz

    Posterior iliac horn is seen in:

    a. Marfan’s syndrome
    b. Hurler’s syndrome
    c. Ankylosing spondylitis
    d. Nail patella syndrome

    Chondrocalcinosis is seen in:

    a. Rickets
    b. Hypoparathyroidism
    c. Ochronosis
    d. Hyperthyroidism

    Right heart border in a chest X-ray PA view is formed by all except:

    a. IVC
    b. SVC
    c. Ascending aorta
    d. Right atrium

    In X-ray chest right border of mediastinum is formed by all except:

    a. Right brachiocephalic vein
    b. Right ventricle
    c. Right atrium
    d. Superior vena cava

    In a chest X-ray, PA view, the right border of heart is not formed by:

    a. Aorta
    b. Superior vena cava
    c. Right atrium
    d. Inferior vena cava

    For splenic rupture the investigation of choice is:

    a. Peritoneal lavage
    b. MRI
    c. USG
    d. CT

    CT scan was invented by:

    a. Godfrey Hounsfield
    b. Eric Honda
    c. John Snow
    d. Suzuki Kobe

    The first CT scanner was manufactured by:

    a. Hitachi, Japan
    b. Mitsubishi, Japan
    c. Electro-musical instruments (EMI), England
    d. General Electric, USA

    Unit used in measuring the density of body tissues in CT scan is:

    a. Hounsfield units
    b. Ogawa units
    c. Gray units
    d. Mac units

    Most radio dense substance is:

    a. Bone
    b. Soft tissue
    c. Brain
    d. Fluid

    On usual CT scale of densities (-1000 to +1000), brain tissue measures:

    a.-10 to +10
    b. 0 to +20
    c.+10 to +30
    d. +22 to +46

    X-rays are:

    a. Neutrons
    b. Electromagnetic waves
    c. Electrons
    d. Protons

    Target material used for generating X-ray:

    a. Tungsten
    b. Cadmium
    c. Cobalt
    d. Palladium

    X-ray with shorter wavelengths:

    a. Are produced by lower KV
    b. Have more penetrating power
    c. Travel slower
    d. Travel faster

    X-rays are generated when …… strike tungsten:

    a. Protons
    b. Electrons
    c. Electomagnetic waves
    d. Neutrons

    Time sector scanning of neonates is preferred because of which of the following practical reason:

    a. Better resolution
    b. Neonates are more cooperative
    c. Inexpensive
    d. Open fontanelle

    Notching of ribs on X-ray is not seen in:

    a. Aortitis
    b. Neurofibromatosis
    c. Coarctation of aorta
    d. AV fistula

    Rib notching is not seen in:

    a. Neurofibromatosis
    b. Hypoparathyroidism
    c. Coarctation of aorta
    d. Blalock-Taussig operation shunt

    In coarctation of aorta the rib changes are seen from:

    a. 1-12th
    b. 3-6th
    c. 8-12th
    d. 4-9th

    Not a radiological feature of mitral stenosis:

    a. Kerley B-lines
    b. Pulmonary hemosiderosis
    c. Oligemia of upper lung field
    d. Straight left heart border

    “Ehrlenmeyer flask” appearance is seen in:

    a. Thrombocytopenia
    b. Sickel cell anemia
    c. Chronic anemias
    d. Gaucher’s disease

    The amount of I¹³¹ used for a thyroid scan is:

    a. 5 microcuries
    b. 50 microcuries
    c. 50 millicuries
    d. 500 millicuries

    The number of carpel bones seen in a radiograph of an infant is:

    a. 0
    b. 2
    c. 3
    d. 4

    isotope use in bone scans:

    a. Technetium
    b. Gallium
    c. Selenium
    d. Chromium

    Beheaded Scottish terrier sign is seen in:

    a. Spondylosis
    b. Fracture rib
    c. Spondylolisthesis
    d. Fracture scaphoid

    Scottish terrier sign is seen in:

    a. AP view
    b. PA view
    c. Lateral view
    d. Oblique view

    Bronchorrhea is characteristically seen in:

    a. Sarcoidosis
    b. Scleroderma
    c. Bronchioloalveolar carcinoma
    d. Goodpasture’s syndrome

    Renal papillary necrosis is associated with:

    a. Sickel cell disease
    b. Tuberculosis
    c. Diabetes mellitus
    d. All of the above

    Neural tube defect is best detected by:

    a. Placentography
    b. Amniocentesis
    c. Chromosomal analysis
    d. USG

    Water lily sign is found in:

    a. Fungal granuloma
    b. Actinomycosis
    c. Hydatid cyst of liver
    d. Hydatid cyst of lung

    Phrygian cap is a feature of:

    a. Stomach
    b. Kidney
    c. Gall bladder
    d. Pancreas

    Calcification of heart wall is suggestive of:

    a. Endomyocardial fibrosis
    b. Fibroelastosis
    c. Carcinoid syndrome
    d. Scleroderma

    Thickness of stomach in USG is:

    a. 10 mm
    b. 7 mm
    c. 5 mm
    d. 2 mm

    “Double bubble” sign on plain X-ray of abdomen is seen in:

    a. Lleal atresia
    b. Jejunal atresia
    c. Duodenal atresia
    d. Pyloric stenosis

    For small intestine tumor the investigation of choice is:

    a. CT scan with contrast
    b. X-ray abdomen
    c. Echocardiography
    d. Barium meal swallow

    Cardiac catherization was first attempted by:

    a. Philip Bozzini
    b. Gustav Killian
    c. Dulius Bruck
    d. Warner Forssmann

    MOnge’s disease is seen in:

    a. Lowlander’s in highland
    b. Highlander in lowland
    c. Highlander’s in highland
    d. None

    ‘Champagne glass’ pelvis is seen in:

    a. Congenital dislocation of hip
    b. Down syndrome
    c. Achondroplasia
    d. Cretinism

    Optical activity of organic substances is measured by:

    a. Spectrometer
    b. Polarimeter
    c. Photometer
    d. Multimeter

    True regarding Hydatid cyst of lung in a chest X-ray:

    a. Is seen on a Calcified ring shadow
    b. shows spackled calcification
    c. Calcification is rare
    d. A and B are correct

    Deleterious effect of ultrasound on small organism is:

    a. Ionization
    b. Vacuolation
    c. Cavitation
    d. Disintegration

    Radioactivity was discovered by:

    a. Marie Curie
    b. Pierre Curie
    c. Rutherford
    d. Henri Becquerel

    Radioactivity was discovered by Becquerel in:

    a. 1796
    b.1896
    c. 1901
    d. 1946

    Basal ganglia calcification is seen in:

    a. Hypoparathyroidism
    b. Fahr’s syndrome
    c. Mitochondria cytopathy
    d. All of the above

    Xeroradiography is used in…………cancer detection:

    a. Stomach
    b. Breast
    c. Colonic
    d. Pancreatic

    Radiation protection shields are made up of:

    a. Copper
    b. Silver
    c. Lead
    d. Tin

    Raised intracranial tension in adults is seen as:

    a. Silver beaten appearance
    b. Separation of sutures
    c. Erosion of sella
    d. All of the above

    Onion peel appearance is seen in:

    a. Osteoclastoma
    b. Chrondosarcoma
    c. Osteosarcoma
    d. Ewing’s sarcoma

    Stryker view is used in shoulder joint to visualize:

    a. Recurrent subluxation
    b. Subacromial calcification
    c. Bicipital groove
    d. Muscle calcification

    Suprasellar calcification is seen in:

    a. Craniopharyngioma
    b. Meningioma
    c. Calcified pineal gland
    d. Pituitary adenoma

    Radium emits:

    a. Electrons
    b. X-ray
    c. Alpha rays
    d. Gamma rays

    Best diagnostic proceedure in acute pancreatitis is:

    a. CT scan
    b. MRI scan
    c. Ultrasound scan
    d. Pipida scan

    Centenary year for X-ray is:

    a. 1995
    b. 1997
    c. 1999
    d. 2001

    Medical thermography is based on the principle of man emitting:

    a. X-ray
    b. Ultrasonic rays
    c. Ultraviolet radiation
    d. Infrared radiation

    which is the most common sign of subphrenic abscess:

    a. Basal consolidation
    b. Tented diaphragm
    c. Pleural effusion
    d. Subdiaphragmatic calcification

    Best investigation for acute cholecystitis is:

    a.Plain X-ray
    b. PIPIDA scan
    c. HIDA scan
    d. Technetium scan

    ‘Figure of 3’ appearance is seen in:

    a. Coarctation of aorta
    b. TOF
    c. TGV
    d. All of the above

    Thesaurosis is a disease said by some to be related to:

    a. Molding of copper tube
    b. Resins in hairspray
    c. Inhalation of barium dust
    d. In eosinophilia

    “Reverse 3 sign” of Frostberg in barium study indicates:

    a. Reversed midgut rotation
    b. Periampullary atresia
    c. annular pancreas
    d. Duodenal atresia

    GOLD STANDARD IN INSULINOMA IS:
    a. Arteriography
    b. MRI
    c. USG
    d. CT scan

    A break in Shenton’s line is seen in:

    a. Cretinism
    b. Development displasia of hip
    c. Down syndrome
    d. All of the above

    Echoencephalography is most useful for detecting:

    a. Ventricular dilatation
    b. Midline shift
    c. Epilepsy
    d. Vascular lesions

    osteoporesis is diagnosed by all except:

    a. Dual energy X-ray densitometry
    b. Dual-photon absorptiometry
    c. Plain X-ray
    d. CT scan

    String sign of Kantor is seen in:

    a. Crohn’s disease
    b. TB of the ileocaecal region
    c. Idiopathic hypertrophic pyloric stenosis
    d. All of the above

    Signs of increased intracranial tension in a child in a skull X-ray:

    a. Separation of sutures
    b. Tense anterior fontanelle
    c. Silver beaten appearance of bones
    d. All of the above

    “Lead pipe” appearance in barium enema is seen in:

    a. Crohn’s disease
    b. Ulcerative colitis
    c. Schistosomiasis
    d. Carcinoma colon

    Intracranial calcification in skull X-ray may be seen in:

    a. Pineal calcification
    b. Cockayne’s syndrome
    c. Cysticercosis
    d. All of the above

    Radioactive gold is used in:

    a. Bladder
    b. Malignant ascites
    c. Glioma
    d. None

    Hot nodule is seen in:

    a. Adenolymphoma
    b. Mixed parotid
    c. Adenocystic carcinoma
    d. all of the above

    Oligemic lung fields are seen in:

    a. TOF
    b. Pulmonary stenosis
    c. ASD
    d. Both A and B

    Contrast material used in the diagnosis of esophageal atresia is:

    a. Barium swallow
    b. Gastrografin
    c. Conray
    d. Propyliodone (Dianosil)

    Hair on end appearance in skull X-ray is characteristic of:

    a. Sickle cell anemia
    b. Megaloblastic anemia
    c. Hemochromatosis
    d. Thalassemia

    Chest X-ray of a newborn with respiratory distress shows multiple air containing lesions in left hemithorax and mediastinal shift. Likely diagnosis is:

    a. Pneumatocetes
    b. Neonatal emphysema
    c. Diaphragmatic hernia
    d. Congenital lung cysts

    Investigation of choice for spinal cord tumor is:

    a. Myelography
    b. CT scan
    c. Plain X-ray
    d. MRI

    ‘Doughnut’ sign seen on a brain scan usually suggests:

    a. Osteoid osteoma
    b. Metastases
    c. Fibrous dysplasia
    d. All of the above

    The treatment of choice for anaplastic carcinoma thyroid is:

    a. External radiation
    b. Surgery
    c. Radiotherapy
    d. Thyroxin

    Splenic calcification occurs in:

    a. Tuberculosis
    b. Malaria
    c. Gaucher’s disease
    d. Celiac disease

    The photosensitive material used in X-ray films consists of:

    a. zinc sulphate
    b. Silver bromide
    c. Cadmium bromide
    d. Cellulose

    In color doppler the color depends upon:

    a. Strength of returning echo
    b. Relation of transducer to blood flow
    c. Frequency of doppler used
    d. Type of Doppler machine used

    When bones show a “bone within bone” appearance this is indicative of:

    a. Chronic myelogenous leukemia
    b. Bone infraction
    c. Osteoporesis
    d. Sickel cell anemia

    Soft tissues calcification can be seen around the hip joint on a plain radiograph in all except:

    a. Poliomyelitis
    b. Melorheostosis
    c. Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia
    d. Tumor calcinosis

    Convolution markings in a child usually disappear by the age of…….

    a. 3 months
    b. 6 months
    c. 3 years
    d. 12 years

    Regarding syringomyelia all are true except:

    a. Is associated with Dandy- Walker malformation
    b. Is commonly associated with Amlod-Chiari syndrome
    c. Is associated with a scoliosis
    d. Is associated with Klippel-Feil Syndrome

    Massive splenomegaly is seen in the following conditions except:

    a. Hairy cell leukemia
    b. Sarcoidosis
    c. Celiac disease
    d. Polycythemia rubra vera

    which of the following is false regarding ” j shaped sella”

    a. Normal varient in 30% of cases
    b. Seen in optic glioma
    c. Associated with Hurler’s syndrome
    d. Associated with low grade hydrocephalus

    “Sunray” appearance on X-ray is seen in:

    a. Ewing’s sarcoma
    b. Osteogenic sarcoma
    c. Osteomyelitis
    d. Chondrosarcoma

    Most common site of spinal bifida is:

    a. Cervical
    b. Lumbosacral
    c. Sacral
    d. Dorsal

    Pantomography is done for all except:

    a. TM joint
    b. Dental cyst
    c. Dental caries
    d. Transverse fracture of atlas

    Most common cause of spontaneous pneumothorax:

    a. Tuberculosis
    b. Bronchogenic carcinoma
    c. Rupture of sub-pleural blebs
    d. Bronchial adenoma

    Hydrocephalus in children, first seen is:

    a. Sutural diastasis
    b. Sellar erosion
    c. Large head
    d. Thinned out vault

    Seldinger needle is used for:

    a. Arteriography
    b. Ureterography
    c. Arthrography
    d. Sonography

    Epiphyseal dysgenesis is a pathognomonic feature of:

    a. Hyperthyroidism
    b. Hyperparathyroidism
    c. Hypothyroidism
    d. Hypoparathyroidism

    All are associated with greenhouse effect except:

    a. CO?
    b. N?
    c. CH?
    d. O?

    “Round pneumonia” occurs in:

    a. Children
    b. Adult males
    c. Adult females
    d. Elderly

    Stenver’s view is used to visualize:

    a. Temporomandibular joint
    b. Optic foramina
    c. Mastoid air cells
    d. Internal auditory meatus

    Cavitating lesions in lung are found in:

    a. Squamous cell carcinoma
    b. Adenocarcinoma
    c. Small cell carcinoma
    d. Large cell carcinoma

    In urinary schistosomiasis , calcification is commonly seen in:

    a. Bladder
    b. Entire ureter
    c. Lower half of the ureters
    d. Upper half of the ureters

    Most common cause of intracranial calcification is:

    a. Pineal calcification
    b. Intracranial aneurysm
    c. Meningioma
    d. Tuberculoma

    Calcification and sclerosis of the fibrous cardiac skeleton is suggestive of:

    a. Lev’s disease
    b. Lenegre’s disease
    c. Both
    d. None

    A neonatal presents with history of having passing meconium. On examination there is no anal opening. Investigation of choice is:

    a. Invertogram
    b. Gastrograffin study
    c. X-ray erect posture
    d. X-ray supine posture

    Curie is the unit for:

    a. Radiation emitted
    b. Radiation absorbed
    c. Radioactivity
    d. None of the above

    Most important investigation for posterior urethral valve is:

    a. Micturating cystogram
    b. Retrograde cystogram
    c. IVP
    d. Plain X-ray

    Dye used for bronchography is:

    a. Iopanoic acid
    b. Sodium diazotize
    c. Meglumine lothalamate
    d. Propyliodone (Dianosil)

    The substance used for oral cholecystography is:

    a. Iopanoic acid
    b. Sodium diazotize
    c. Meglumine iothalamate
    d. Dianosil

    Contrast used in liver scan is:

    a. TechneColl (tecnetium ??m)
    b. I¹³¹ Rose Bengal
    c. Gallium²³?
    d. Thallium ²?¹

    Dye used in intravenous cholangiography is:

    a. Dianosil
    b. Conray
    c. Cholografin
    d. Myodil

    While doing renal scan, hippuran (orthoiodohippurate) is attached to:

    a. Iodine¹²?
    b. Iodine¹³¹
    c. Iodine¹³²
    d. Iodine¹¹³

    “Target sign” in CT scan means:

    a. Ovarian carcinoma
    b. Ectopic kidney
    c. Intussusception
    d. Liver metastasis

    Lymphangiomyomatosis is characterized by all of the following except:

    a. Postmenopausal women
    b. Recurrent chylous pleural effusions
    c. Miliary densities
    d. Recurrent spontaneous pneumothorax

    In colitis cystica profunda:

    a. Cysts may be up to 2 cm in diameter
    b. On a barium enema the appearance is indistinguishable from adenomatous polyps
    c. Benign condition
    d. All of the above

    An aneurysm of the sinus of valsalva usually ruptures into:

    a. Right atrium
    b. Left atrium
    c. Posterior aortic sinus
    d. Left ventricle

    Pneumomediastinum can be seen in:

    a. Valsalva maneuver
    b. Ketoacidosis
    c. Asthma
    d. All of the above

    Unit of one dose of radiation absorbed is:

    a. Gray
    b. Roentgen
    c. Curie
    d. Becquerel

    In aortic dissection the investigation of choice is:

    a. ECG
    b. Aortagraphy
    c. CT scan
    d. MRI scan

    Estimation of fetal maturity by biparietal sonic measurement at 20-28 weeks of gestation is accurate to within +/-:

    a. & days
    b. 14 days
    c. 10 days
    d. 20 days

    Investigation of choice for acute subarachnoid hemorrhage:

    a. Enhanced MRI
    b. MRI
    c. CT scan
    d. Angiography

    Diagnostic of rickets on X-ray is:

    a. White line of Frankel
    b. Epiphyseal widening
    c. Periosteal elevation
    d. Cupping and flaring

    A characteristic of benign tumor of lung in X-ray is:

    a. Size >5 cm diameter
    b. Peripheral location
    c. Cavitation
    d. Calcification

    The following is a radiolucent renal stone:

    a. Cystine
    b. Calcium phosphate
    c. Uric acid
    d. Calcium oxalate

    Fish mouth vertebra occurs in the:

    a. Osteogenesis imperfecta
    b. Ehler-Danlos syndrome
    c. Gaucher’s disease
    d. Marfan’s syndrome

    Coffee bean sign indicates:

    a. Toxic megacolon
    b. Volvulus of cecum
    c. Strangulation of incompletely odstructed loop of small bowel
    d. Mesenteric artery embolism

    Chickenpox pneumonia is characterized by:

    a. Nodular infiltrate
    b. Basilar infiltrate
    c. Pulmonary edema
    d. Linear pattern

    Candle wax appearance is seen in:

    a. Osteogenesis imperfecta
    b. Meloorheostosis
    c. Diaphyseal dysplasia
    d. Exoxtosis

    Primary anomaly in Klippel-Fell syndrome is:

    a. Torticolitis
    b. Fusion
    c. Absence
    d. Segmentation

    Loss of lamina dura is observed in:

    a. Cushing’s disease
    b. Legg-Calve-Perthe’s disease
    c. Hyperparathyroidism
    d. Osteoporesis

    Hamman-Rich syndrome is:

    a. Fibrosing alveolitis
    b. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
    c. Recurrent spontaneous pneumothorax
    d. Central mediastinal adenopathy

    Batwing pattern of pulmonary edema is typical of:

    a. Renal failure
    b. CCF
    c. ILD
    d. Sarcoidosis

    Differential diagnosis of honeycomb lung includes:

    a. Eosinophilic granuloma
    b. Sarcoidosis
    c. Both
    d. None

    Pancoast tumor is most commonly due to which cell type:

    a. Squamous
    b. Columnar
    c. Adenocarcinoma
    d. pseudo-stratified

    Ulcer crater on barium X-ray examination indicates the diagnosis of :

    a. Gastric carcinoma
    b. Duodenal ulcer
    c. Duodenal diverticulum
    d. Duodenal stricture

    Best diagnostic modality for subphrenic abscess is:

    a. Plain X-ray
    b. Ultrasound
    c. CT scan
    d. Diagnostic laparotomy

    Lateral source of neutrons for radiotherapy is:

    a. Strontium 90
    b. Iodine 131
    c. Californium 252
    d. Radium 226

    Terminal phalangeal sclerosis is associated with:

    a. Rheumatoid arthritis
    b. Normal variation
    c. Sarcoidosis
    d. All of the above

    Round, smooth, slightly lobulated peripheral opacity in the lung with calcification is a feature of:

    a. Hamartoma
    b. Hydatid cyst
    c. Amoebic abscess
    d. Carcinoma lung

    Wimberger,s ring is seen in:

    a. Scurvy
    b. Rickets
    c. Osteomalacia
    d. Osteoporesis

    Brachytherapy means:

    a. Irradaiation by radiopharmaceuticals
    b. Irradiation of tissue at 3 cm from the surface
    c. Irradiation of tissue by placing radioactive sources into the tissue
    d. Irradiation of tissue from a distance

    Type of radiation used in radiotherapy is:

    a. Photons
    b. Infrared rays
    c. Ionizing radiation
    d. UV rays

    Which of the following is provided by linear accelerator:

    a. Infrared rays
    b. Neutrons
    c. Electrons
    d. Protons

    Atomic weight is equal to the number of:

    a. Neutrons
    b. Protons and neutrons
    c. Electrons
    d. Protons

    Normal metacarpel index is:

    a. >10.4
    b. >5.4
    c. 5.4-7.9
    d. 8.4-10.4

    Tear drop sign is seen in:

    a. Posterior cranial fossa
    b. Maxillary sinus
    c. Zygoma fracture
    d. Blow-out fracture of orbit

    Which of the following is differential diagnosis for miliary shadow in chet X-ray:

    a. Tuberculosis
    b. Pulmonary siderosis
    c. Histoplasmosis
    d. All of the above

    Figure of “8” features are seen in which of the following:

    a. TOF
    b. Abnormal origin of aorta
    c. TAPVC
    d. Partial APVC

    Best conductor of electricity is:

    a. Diamond
    b. Coke
    c. Coal
    d. Graphite

    Which of the following is a characteristic radiological finding in neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis:

    a. Gas in the portal system
    b. Gas in the intestinal wall
    c. Pneumopritoneum
    d. Air fluid levels

    In the diagnosis of pheochromocytoma one of the following radionuclide scan is useful:

    a. MIBG scan
    b. MIDA scan
    c. DTPA scan
    d. DMSA scan

    Radiological investigation in female of reproductive age should be restricted to:

    a. First 10 days of menstrual cycle
    b. Period of menstruation
    c. 10-20th day of the cycle
    d. Last 10 days of the cycle

    Percentage of cold thyroid nodule likely to be malignant is:

    a. 72%
    b. 20%
    c. 40%
    d. 30%

    The test , which is both sensitive and specific for diagnosis of renal artery hypertension is:

    a. Captopril-enhanced radionucleotide renal scan
    b. Angiography
    c. CT
    d. MRI

    Stereotactic radiosurgery is a form of:

    a. Radiotherapy
    b. Radio-iodine therapy
    c. Robotic surgery
    d. Cryosurgery

    Which one of the following radioisotope is commonly used as a source for external beam radiotherapy in the treatment of cancer patients?

    a. Strontium-89
    b. Radium-226
    c. Cobalt-59
    d. Cobalt-60

    “Bracket” calcification of skull in X-ray is seen in:

    a. Meningioma
    b. Sturge-Weber syndrome
    c. Corpus callosum lipoma
    d. Tuberous sclerosis

    A male patient presents with abdominal pain and distention. On barium enema examination, there is a “bird’s beak” deformity. Which of the following is the likely diagnosis?

    a. Intussusception
    b. Volvulus of the sigmoid colon
    c. Enteric perforation
    d. Crohn’s disease

    Thickness of lead apron to prevent radiation is:

    a. 0.5 mm
    b. 7 mm
    c. 3 mm
    d. 1 mm

    A young patient presents with history of dysphasia more to liquids than solids. The first investigation you will do is:

    a. Barium swallow
    b. Esophagoscopy
    c. Ultrasound of the chest
    d. CT scan of the chest

    Fraying and cupping of metaphyses of long bones in an child does not occur in:

    a. Rickets
    b. Lead poisoning
    c. Metaphyseal dysplasia
    d. Hypophosphatasia

    High resolution computed tomography of the chest is the ideal modality for evaluating:

    a. Pleural effusion
    b. Interstitial lung disease
    c. Lung mass
    d. Mediastinal adenopathy

    Extensive pleural thickening and calcification especially involving the diaphragmatic pleura are classical features of:

    a. Coal worker’s pneumoconiosis
    b. Asbestosis
    c. Silicosis
    d. siderosis

    Modality of choice for detection of acute subarachnoid hemorrhage is:

    a. MRI
    b. X-ray computed tomography
    c. USG
    d. Plain X-ray of skull

    A 40 year old man presented with acute episode of GI bleeding. Initial management was given for 6 hours. Which is important procedure for diagnosis is:

    a. Radiolabeled RBC
    b. Barium meal
    c. Endoscopy
    d. USG

    A patient has ARF but normal USG report. Next most useful investigation is:

    a. DTPA scan
    b. IV pyelography
    c. Retrograde pyelography
    d. Renal angiography

    Which of the following isotopes is used to assess renal function?

    a. DTPA
    b. DMSA
    c. Gallium
    d. Thallium

    Impaired renal function is assessed by:

    a. MAGS
    b. Iodihippurate
    c. DMSA scan
    d. DTPA

    A patient has renal call carcinoma with thrombus in IVC and renal vein. Best investigation for diagnosis is:

    a. IVP
    b. Color Doppler imaging
    c. CT scan
    d. Angiography

    A young girl presented with pain in chest. Pain is not associated with exercise. On auscultation there was multiple non-ejection clicks with murmur. Most important investigation for diagnosis is:

    a. ECG
    b. Tc pyrophosphate scan
    c. Thallium scan
    d. EEG

    A 50 year old man who is a chronic smoker presents with single lymph node enlargement and hoarseness of voice. Next investigation should be:

    a. FNAC
    b. IDL with chest X-ray
    c. Percutaneous biopsy
    d. Advise him to stop smoking

    In aortic dissection the investigation of choice is:

    a. Digital segmental angiography
    b. MRI
    c. CT scan
    d. USG

    At birth first paranasal sinus to develop is:

    a. Sphenoid
    b. Frontal
    c. Maxillary
    d. Ethmoidal

    An8 year old boy presents with back pain and mild fever. His plain X-ray of the dorsolumbar vertebra with preserved disc spaces. There was no associated soft tissue shadow. The most likely diagnosis is:

    a. Ewing’s sarcoma
    b. Tuberculosis
    c. HIstocytosis
    d. Metastasis

    Which one of the following is a recognized X-ray feature of rheumatoid arthritis?

    a. Juxta-articular osteosclerosis
    b. Sacroilitis
    c. Bone erosions
    d. Peri-articular calcification

    All of the following are X-ray features of rheumatoid arthritis except:

    a. Soft tissue swelling
    b. Osteoporosis
    c. Periosteal new bone formation
    d. Bony erosions

    Which of the following is the best choice to radiological evaluation of a posterior fossa tumor?

    a. CT scan
    b. MRI
    c. Angiography
    d. Myelography

    Treatment of carcinoma thyroid using radioactive iodine is:

    a. I¹³¹
    b. I¹²?
    c. I¹³³
    d. I¹??

    Most suitable radioisotope of iodine for treating hyperthyroidism is:

    a. I¹²³
    b. I¹²?
    c. I¹³¹
    d. I¹³²

    Radioiodine is not used in the treatment of which of the following:

    a. Anaplastic carcinoma
    b. Follicular carcinoma
    c. Medullary carcinoma
    d. Papillary carcinoma

    Non-caseating granulomas are seen in all the following except:

    a. Tuberculosis
    b. Byssinosis
    c. Hodgkin’s lymphoma
    d. Metastatic carcinoma of lung

    Pleural involvement in sarcoidosis is:

    a. Unilateral
    b. Bilateral
    c. Very common
    d. Very rare

    X-rays are produced when:

    a. Electron beam strikes the nucleus of the atom
    b.Electron beam strikes the anode
    c. Electron beam reacts with the electromagnetic field
    d. Electron beam strikes the cathode

    For the treatment of deep-seated tumors, the following rays are used:

    a. X-rays and gamma rays
    b. Alpha rays and beta rays
    c. Electrons and prositrons
    d. High power laser beam

    Ionization radiation act on tissue depending upon:

    a. Thermal injury
    b. Formation at pyrimidine dimmers
    c. Excitation of electron from orbit
    d. Linear acceleration energy

    Principle used in radiotherapy is:

    a. Low dose causes tissue necrosis
    b. DNA damage
    c. Ionizing the molecule
    d. Cytoplasmic coagulation

    The maximum penetration among the following is seen with which ray:

    a. Alpha
    b. Beta
    c. Gamma
    d. Electron beam

    Which of the following has the maximum penetrating power?

    a. Alpha rays
    b. Beta rays
    c. Gamma rays
    d. Electron beam

    Characteristic finding in CT-scan of a TBM case is:

    a. Exudates seen in basal cistem
    b. Hydrocephalus is commonly seen
    c. Ventriculitis
    d. Calcification of cerebellum

    What is the diagnostic radiological finding in skeleton fluorosis?

    a. Sclerosis of sacroiliac joint
    b. Interosseous membrane ossification
    c. Osteosclerosis of vertebral body
    d. Ossification of ligaments of knee joint

    On CT-scan, all are seen as hypodense area except:

    a. Cerebral hemorrhage
    b. Glioblastoma
    c. Cerebral edema
    d. Cerebral infract

    Pneumoperitoneum can be used to visualize peritoneal/retroperitoneal structures. The gas that is best for use in pneumoperitoneum is?

    a. Oxygen
    b. Nitrogen
    c. CO?
    d. N?O

    Investigation of choice to demonstrate vesicoureteral reflex is:

    a. Cystoscopy
    b. IVP
    c. Contrast MCU
    d. Isotope cystogram

    Radiation therapy is given to a carcinoma patient. After 2 days the most common skin manifestation is:

    a. Dermatitis
    b. Hyperpigmentation
    c. Atopy
    d. Erythema

    Earliest skin change noticed after irradiation is:

    a. Erythema
    b. Hyperpigmentation
    c. Ulceration
    d. Dryness

    Most common presentation of radiation carditis is:

    a. Pyogenic pericarditis
    b. Myocardial fibrosis
    c. Atheromatous plaques
    d. Pericardial effusion

    Best diagnostic test for deep vein thrombosis is:

    a. MRI
    b. Venography
    c. Impendence phlebography
    d. Duplex USG

    X-ray chest with reticular pattern, air bronchogram sign is seen in:

    a. Septicemia
    b. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia
    c. Pulmonary hypertension
    d. Respiratory distress syndrome

    Intracavitary radiation is given in:

    a. Oral cavity carcinoma
    b. Esophageal carcinoma
    c. Lung carcinoma
    d. Cervix carcinoma

    On X-ray all the following renal calculi can be seen except:

    a. Calcium oxalate
    b. Triple phosphate
    c. Uric acid
    d. Cystine stones

    In bone-scan, hot spots are seen in all the following except:

    a. Osteoblastic metastasis
    b. Multiple myeloma
    c. Osteomyelitis
    d. Bony lesions of hyperthyroidism

    In a patient with solitary nodule of thyroid, investigation of choice is:

    a. FNAC
    b. USG
    c. CT
    d. Radioisotope scan

    Which of the following is the most radiosensitive phase of cell cycle?

    a. G?
    b. S
    c. G?
    d. M

    MRI rooms are shielded completely by a continuous sheet or wire mesh of copper or aluminium to shield the image from external electromagnetic radiations, etc., it is called:

    a. Maxwell cage
    b. Faraday cage
    c. Edison’s cage
    d. Ohm’s cage

    A 45 year old coal mine worker presents with:

    a. Sjogren’s syndrome
    b. Caplan’s syndrome
    c. Silicosis
    d. Wegeneer’s granulomatosis

    A patient is suspected to have vestibular schwannoma, the investigation of choice for its diagnosis is:

    a. Contrast enhanced CT scan
    b. PET Scan
    c. SPECT
    d. Gadolinium enhanced MRI

    In which of the folowing, a Coer-en-Sabot’ shape of the heart is seen?

    a. Tricuspid atresia
    b. Tetralogy of fallot
    c. Transposition of great arteries
    d. VSD

    In scurvy all of the following radiological signs are seen except:

    a. Zone of demarcation near epicnysis
    b. Soap bubble appearance
    c. Frenkel’s line
    d. Pelican spur

    A 50 year old smoker male presents with pain along the left arm and ptosis:

    a. Adenocarcinoma lung
    b. Bronchial carcinoid
    c. Pancoast’s tumor
    d. Bronchoalveolar carcinoma

    Sunray appearance on X-ray is suggestive of:

    a. A chondrosarcoma
    b. A metastatic tumor in the bone
    c. An osteogenic sarcoma
    d. An Ewing’s sarcoma

    The investigation of choice for imaging of urinary tract tuberculosis is:

    a. Plain X-ray
    b. IV urography
    c. USG
    d. CT

    Which of the following technique uses piezoelectric crystals?

    a. USG
    b. NMR imaging
    c. X-ray diffraction
    d. Xeroradiography

    In which of the following conditions the lead pipe appearance of the colon on a barium enema is seen?

    a. Amebiasis
    b. Ulcerative colitis
    c. Tuberculosis of colon
    d. Crohn’s involvement of the colon

    The EEG cabins should be completely shielded by a continuous sheet of wire mesh of copper to avoid the picking up of noise from external electromagnetic disturbances. Such a shielding is called as:

    a. Maxwell cage
    b. Faraday cage
    c. Edison’s cage
    d. Ohm’s cage

    The technique employed in radiotherapy to counteract the effect of tumor motion due to breathing is known as:

    a. Arc technique
    b. Modulation
    c. Gating
    d. Shunting

    Gamma camera in ‘Nuclear medicine’ is used for:

    a. Organ imaging
    b. Measuring the radioactivity
    c. Monitoring the surface contamination
    d. RIA

    In which one of the following conditions, the sialography is contraindicated:

    a. Ductal calculus
    b. Chronic parotitis
    c. Acute parotitis
    d. Recurrent sialadenitis

    Which of the following ultrasound marker is associated with greatest increased risk for trisomy 21 in fetus?

    a. Echogenic foci in heat
    b. Hyperechogenic bowel
    c. Choroid plexus cysts
    d. Nuchal edema

    In CT, the attenuation values are measured in Hounsfield units (HU). An attenuation value of ‘0’(zero) HU corresponds to:

    a. Water
    b. Air
    c. Very dense bone structures
    d. Fat

    The most sensitive imaging modality for diagnosing ureteric stones in a patient with acute colic is:

    a. X-ray KUB region
    b. Ultrasonogram
    c. Non contrast CT scan of the abdomen
    d. Contrast enhanced CT scan of the abdomen

    Which of the following is the investigation of choice for assessment of depth of penetration and perirectal nodes in rectal cancer?

    a. Transrectal USG
    b. CT scan of pelvis
    c. MRI
    d. Double contrast barium enema

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