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    Italian Renaissance Architecture

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    ____ families (mercantile)
    new money
    birthplace/center of Renaissance
    Florence, Italy
    Medici Family
    patron of arts, new money family, banking
    humanism
    came from ancient Greece, pushed for rational thinking, new world view
    _____ were famous
    architects
    scholars recover classical Greek and Roman texts from
    vitruvius
    Sought _____ perfection
    mathematical
    influenced by greek philosphers Plato and pythagoras
    a^2+b^2=c^2
    ideal forms
    square and circle
    Vitruvian Man
    Vitruvian Man
    by DaVinci
    perfect proportions
    Filippo Brunelleschi
    main figure in italian ren for architecture
    Brunelleschi went to Rome after losing a ____ to Ghilberti
    competition
    Brunelleschi and Ghilberti’s panels were about ______
    Abraham and Isaac
    florence cathedral
    florence cathedral
    cupola
    cupola
    dome for creation to sit above hole to protect from rain, let fresh air and light in
    Basilica plan
    Basilica plan
    intro of transept
    Bartolomeo
    student of brunelleschi, built palazzo medici
    Palazzo Medici
    Palazzo Medici
    rustication, egg and dart, modillions
    rustication
    the contrasts in texture w/ the smoothly finished squared block masonry surfaces called ashlar
    modillion
    modillion
    set of ornamental brackets under a cornice
    piano nobile
    main floor of italian renaissance palazzo (second story_
    stretcher
    used for support
    egg and darting
    egg and darting
    molding that looked like eggs
    loggia
    loggia
    an architectural feature which is a covered exterior gallery or corridor usually on an upper level, or sometimes ground level. The outer wall is open to the elements, usually supported by a series of columns or arches.
    dental molding
    dental molding
    looks like teeth
    acanthus leaf
    acanthus leaf
    ornament carved into stone or wood to resemble leaves
    Leon battista Alberti
    “renaissance man”, egomaniac, wrote 10 books on arch, studied plato
    Palazzo Rucellai
    Palazzo Rucellai
    first use of classical orders in renaissance arch
    Rimini
    Rimini
    by alberti
    Maria Novella
    Maria Novella
    by alberti
    Santa Andrea
    Santa Andrea
    by alberti, considered alberti’s most complete work, took 328 yrs to finish
    coffered barrel vaulting
    coffered barrel vaulting
    ceiling of santa andrea
    two social classes of italian ren
    peasants and wealthy
    _________ ceiling
    _________ ceiling
    coffered
    pilasters
    pilasters
    columns on 3 sides
    terrazzo floors
    chunks of marble and concrete
    Michelangelo
    father of renaissance
    leonardo di vinci
    quintessential renaissance man
    ___________ seats
    upholstered
    most common wood used
    walnut
    common textile
    silk
    cassone
    most important piece of time, big storage chest, heavily ornamented, passed from generation to generation
    sgabello
    sgabello
    light, uncomfortable wooden dining chair
    savonarola
    savonarola
    named for monk burned at stake in florence, composed of curved wooden slats attached to solid arms
    dante chair
    dante chair
    heavily ornamented arms and legs and seat and back [anel of cloth
    credenza
    credenza
    cabinet or cupbord
    1400
    beginning of italian ren
    italy center of commerce because
    crusades and marco polo, could afford ren because not part of gothic
    printing press
    spread knowledge

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