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    History Ch 11 Italian Renaissance Artists

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    What was the difference in emphasis btw Renaissance and Medieval Art?
    Medieval about spiritual life to come
    Renaissance about present world
    What people bought or used renaissance art vs. Medieval art?
    Medieval art – Church main patron
    Renaissance art – Wealthy secular people of the cities
    What recognition did the artist of the renaissance receive vs. Medieval artist?
    Medieval artist worked for the Glory of God no personal recognition
    Renaissance artist wanted to be well known and always signed their names to their painting.
    What was the dimensional difference btw Medieval and Renaissance art?
    Medieval – flat 2 demensional
    Renaissance – realistic 3D
    What was the contrast in subject matter btw Med. and Ren. Art?
    Medieval – Biblical scenes – Christ shown as little man – no children, plain backgrounds – surreal as if they had no bodies beneath robes.
    Renaissance – Wealthy people, kings, many children, Nature and realistic bodies
    Most popular media?
    Medieval – artchitecture
    Renaissance – paintings and sculpture
    Who is often referred to as the Father of Renaissance painting?
    Giotto – (G-Daddy)
    What did Giotto do that was so different from medieval artist?
    Realistic bodies and facial expressions
    3D look with backgrounds
    What is Giottos most famous work?
    Frescos – on the Walls of the Arena Chapel in Padua, Italy
    Who was Masaccio?
    Masaccio – Mastered shading
    Paintings more 3D with shading and more realistic
    Who is called the father of modern painting?
    Masaccio – Mastered shading
    Modern art
    What did Botticelli add to art?
    He added movement – Bouncing Botticelli
    his figures appeared to be moving
    What monk influence Botticelli’s later painting?
    Savonarola – Saved Botticelli – preached against Alexander VI and the Medici family – tried to bring morality back to Florence
    Who are the three most famous high renaissance artists?
    de Vinci, Michangelo and Raphael
    Who was the best example of a renaissance man?
    Leonardo de Vinci
    Why was de Vinci an example of renaissance man?
    He had wide variety of interests
    painting, sculpture, architecture, musician, poet and also studied all kinds of science and math.
    Where did de Vinci study?
    first florence but moved to Milan
    What are two of de Vinci’s most famous works?
    The last supper
    Mona Lisa
    Who was Raphael?
    Raphael Sanzio – son of a painter who studied the masters to perfect his own technique
    What kind of paintings is Raphael best known for?
    Sweet faced madonnas – he preferred to show the peace and tranquility of life vs. the stress of it.
    What is Raphael’s best known work?
    The frescos in the the papal residence and
    “The school of Athens”
    Who was Michelangelo?
    one of most famous artist in all of history – father disappointed in his interest but allowed him to live with Lorenzo de Medici as his adopted son
    What are Michelangelos’ most famous sculptures?
    Davis and Moses – the Pieto
    What did Pope Julius II as Michangelo to do?
    Paint the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
    Did Michangelo want to paint the Cistine Chapel?
    No – he beleived he was a sculpture not a painter – but he did it anyway –
    How long did it take to paint the sistine Chapel ceilings?
    4 years – scaffolding 70 ft off the ground
    What does the Sistine Chapel ceiling depict?
    the creation, fall, flood and redemption prophesied in OT
    How many figures are in the Sistine Chapel painitng?
    300 figures some 8 ft tall
    What did Michangelo paint 25 years after he finished his first Sistine Chapel work?
    he painted the front wall – depicting the last judgement of Christ
    When did Michangelo die?
    At 89 after he designed a huge dome for the new St. Peter Cathedral
    During the renaissance what city became the leading center of culture?
    Venice
    WHat was Venice like?
    Very materialistic and secular
    Who was the leading figure of Venecian school of painting?
    Titian – Top Dog
    What did Titian become known for?
    Terrific use of color and capTuring personality of subjects
    What did Titian accomplish that was unusual for artist of the day?
    Took the Money – he became wealthy
    Who did Titian paint for?
    The Holy Roman Emperor and Kings of the dya
    Who was the last of the great artists of the renaissance?
    Tintoretto
    What did Tintoretto do in his paintings?
    Combined color of Titian with masterful drawings of Michangelo

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