Rani Lakshmi Bai • Rani Lakshmi Bai was the queen of the princely state of Jhansi. • She was one of the most leading personalities of the first war of India’s independence that started in 1857. • She was born to a Maharashtrian family at Kashi in the year 1828. • During her childhood, she was called by the name Manikarnika. • In the year 1842, she got married to the Maharaja of Jhansi, Raja Gangadhar Rao Niwalkar. Subhash Chandra Bose • Subhash Chandra Bose, affectionately called as Netaji, was one of the most prominent leaders of Indian freedom struggle. • Subhash Chandra Bose was born on January 23, 1897 in Cuttack, Orissa. Subhash Chandra Bose was the ninth child among fourteen siblings. • Subhash Chandra Bose was a brilliant student right from the childhood. • He founded Indian National Congress. Bal Gangadhar Tilak • Bal Gangadhar Tilak is considered as Father of Indian National Movement. • Bal Gangadhar Tilak was born on July 23, 1856 in Ratnagiri, Maharashtra. • He was a Chitpavan Brahmin by caste. • He was a social reformer, freedom fighter, national leader, and a scholar of Indian history, Sanskrit, Hinduism, mathematics and astronomy. • He was among India’s first generation of youth to receive a modern, college education.
Bhagat Singh • Bhagat Singh was one of the most prominent faces of Indian freedom struggle. • Bhagat Singh studied the European revolutionary movement and was greatly attracted towards socialism. • Bhagat Singh gave a new direction to the revolutionary movement in India. • Their immediate goal was destruction of the British Empire and they had no inclination to work out a political alternative. • Bhagat Singh, because of his interest in studying and his keen sense of history gave revolutionary movement a goal beyond the elimination of the British. Lala Lajpat Rai Lala Lajpat Rai was one of the foremost leaders who fought against British rule in India. • He was popularly known as Punjab Kesari (Lion of the Punjab). • Lala Lajpat Rai was born on January 28, 1865 in village Dhudike, in Punjab. • While in college he came in contact with patriots and future freedom fighters like Lala Hans Raj and Pandit Guru Dutt. The three became fast friends and joined the Arya Samaj founded by Swami Dayanand Saraswati. • He was elected to the Hisar municipality as a member and later as secretary. Gopal Krishna Gokhale • He was political guru of Mahatma Gandhi. Gopal Krishna Gokhale was one of the pioneers of the Indian national movement. • Gopal Krishna Gokhale was born on May 9, 1866 in Kothapur, Maharashtra. • Gokhale received his early education at the Rajaram High School in Kothapur with the help of financial assistance from his elder brother. • Later on he moved on to Bombay and graduated from Elphinstone College, Bombay in 1884 at the age of 18. Bipin Chandra Pal • With the other two members from the Lal BAL Pal team, Bipin Chandra Pal doled out a number of extremist measures. • He was born in the year 1858. Bipin Chandra Pal was a teacher, journalist, orator, writer and librarian. • Bipin Chandra Pal recognized the positive outcome of the British kingdom. • At the same time he upheld India’s federal idea. Dr. Rajendra Prasad • Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the first President of independent India. • Dr. Rajendra Prasad was one of the foremost disciples of Gandhiji and he played a crucial role in Indian freedom struggle. • Dr. Rajendra Prasad was born on December 3, 1884 in Ziradei village in Siwan district of Bihar. • Rajendra Prasad was youngest among his siblings. • Dr.
Rajendra Prasad was greatly attached to his mother and elder brother Mahendra. Jawaharlal Nehru • He became first Prime Minister of independent India; was one of the main architects of Non Aligned Movement. • He was born on November 14, 1889. • Jawaharlal Nehru, also known as Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, was one of the foremost leaders of Indian freedom struggle. • He was very fond of children and children used to affectionately call him Chacha Nehru. • He and her daughter send letters to each other in jail. The letters are in the form of a book “Pita Ke Patra Putri Ke Naam”.