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    Proscenium arch, perspective, scene design,
    What were the major contributions of the Italian Renaissance theatre?
    Professional Theater
    What was the Commedia dell’Arte?
    Lazzo-repeated comic business, improvisation, stock characters, cartoon,
    What are the characteristics of Commedia style performance?
    Torelli change wings and back shutters
    What is the chariot and pole system?
    Neoclassical structure
    Italian Renaissance followed this structure of verisimilitude and the unities of time, place and action?
    Sabbatini: Manual for constructing Theatrical Scenes and machines like the groove system
    What contribution did Sabbattini make to Italian Renaissance theatre?
    Genre: type, tragedy dealt with royalty and ended with calamity and comedy with common people and ended happily, the two genres did not mix. Onstage violence was forbidden. Drama must be didactic. Opposition to soliloquy.
    What was purity of genre?
    Castelvetro make a mistake
    Which Italian Renaissance critic misinterpreted Aristotle’s Poetics?
    Amateur
    Were the majority of performers in Italian Renaissance theatre professional or amateur?
    Castelvetro, Minuturno, Scalinger
    Name three critics from the Italian Renaissance?
    Spectacle
    Of the 6 element of the drama (Aristotle), which was the focus of Italian Ren. theatre?
    teatro Olimpico
    5 facades, patterned after roman scaena frons designed to look like a street. 3,000 spectators and curved benches and semicircle orchestra.
    teatro Farnase
    3,500 spectators, with raised horseshoe seating and a semicircular orchestra in front of the stage.
    proscenium arch
    picture-frame, peephole, or conventional stage and innovative scene design.
    glories
    flying machines, trapdoors and primitive sound effects were all used to emphasize spectacle.
    The opera houses of Venice
    Where was the pit, box and gallery seating arrangement introduced?
    roman theater
    What did the Teatro Olimpico resemble?
    proscenium arch
    What innovation did the Teatro Farnase introduce?
    Early
    Typically, what is the point of attack in the plays of Elizabethan dramatists?
    Stock characters, heighten language
    What were some of the characteristics of plays by Elizabethan dramatists?
    outdoors, large, focus on natural light and open to the public
    What were the characteristics of Elizabethan private theaters?
    In doors, more expensive and open to the public
    What were the characteristics of Elizabethan private theaters?
    Candlelight
    What was the source of lighting in Elizabethan private theaters?
    seating pit, box and gallery
    What was the seating arrangement of the Elizabethan private theater?
    standing pit, box and gallery
    What was the seating arrangement of the Elizabethan public theater?
    Mixed genre
    Generally speaking, do the plays of Elizabethan playwrights maintain purity of genre?
    Dr. Fautus
    Name a play by Christopher Marlowe.
    Taming of the shrew, Much a do about nothing
    Name two comedies by Shakespeare?
    MacBeth, Hamlet, King Lear
    Name two tragedies by Shakespear?
    Built the first theater in England
    Who was Richard Burbage?
    shakespeare’s famous actor
    Who was James Burbage?
    sent to Italy by James I
    Who was Inigo Jones?
    proscenium arch,system for changing scenery, painted perspective stage sets
    What contribution did Inigo Jones make to the English theatre?
    the principal characters have a excess of one trait-humour
    What are the characteristics of the “comedy of humours?”
    Ben Jonson
    What playwright is associated with the “comedy of humors?”
    Elizabeth
    Which English monarch banned the presentation of religious drama?
    Master of Revels
    Which state official would enforce the ban on religious drama?
    Secular comedy and tragedy
    What did the ban on religious drama in England result in?
    Elizabethans used an episodic form growing out of medieval drama.
    The Italians attempt to resurrect greek crisis drama, conversly….
    Thomas Kyd’s The Spanish Tragedy
    In english renaissance, scenes moved from place to place, and from one time to another an example of this is….
    ghosts, soliloquoys, theme of revenge
    Episodic structure Kyd set the way
    jonson,shakespeare, marlowe
    university wits
    Robert Greene
    Which Elizabethan playwright launched an attack on Shakespeare as ” an upstart crow”.
    Costume and Design
    What was the major concern of the Stuart masques?
    Italy Spectacle
    The court masques showed the influence of which country’s stage technology?
    Seneca
    Thomas Kyd’s work appears to be derivative of this Roman playwright?
    April 23, 1564 to April 23, 1616
    State the birth and death dates of William Shakespeare.
    Richard Burbage
    Who built “The Theatre?”
    The Globe, The Theatre
    Name two Elizabethan public theaters.
    Blackfriars and Whitefriars
    Name two Elizabethan private theaters.
    James Burbage
    Who was the leading actor in Shakespeare’s company?
    Christopher Marlowe
    Edward Alleyn was most closely associated with which Elizabethan playwright?
    James I
    Who was the successor to Elizabeth I?
    James I
    The court masques were to flourish under which English king?
    John Lyly, Robert Greene,
    Name three “university wits.”
    Italy
    The court masques showed the influence of which country’s stage technology?
    protagonist and language
    What is characteristic of the plays of Christopher marlowe?
    Change Costumes – background
    What were the functions of the Elizabethan tiring house?
    Sanguine-optimistic -healthy dr. nancy sunshine, Black bile is melancholy, no hope, life is awful, Yellow Bile is choleric, short tempered, go into rages, Phlegm is a slow moving fluid.
    What were the four personality types detailed in the “comedy of humours?”
    Sanguine-optimistic -healthy dr. nancy sunshine, Black bile is melancholy, no hope, life is awful, Yellow Bile is choleric, short tempered, go into rages, Phlegm is a slow moving fluid.
    What humorus were associated witht the four personality types detailed above?
    A place to hide a character
    What was the discovery space in the Elizabethan public theatre?
    in the wall of the tiring or pavillion house in front
    What are the two theories of the location/design of the discovery space?
    the roof
    What was “the heavens?”
    3 sides surround by audience
    Describe the stage of the Elizabethan public theatre.
    Language, Spectale, dark side
    Name three directions the theatre took during the Elizabehtan/Jacobean/Caroline periods.
    Darker Side
    What is characteristic of the plays of John Webster?
    Tragic Comedy
    What genre is associated with Beaumont and Fletcher?
    Period between kings
    What was the Interregnum?
    return of Charles II
    The Restoration begins witht he return of this king to the English throne.
    Sexual, gaudy, naughty
    What are some characteristics of the comedy of manners?
    William Congreve, William Wycherley
    Who were the two leading writers of the English Restoration?
    1660 Margaret Huges
    When do female performers first appear on the English stage?
    Margaret Huges
    Who was, reportedly, the first actress to appear on the English stage?
    Male – female actor
    Who was Edward Kynaston?
    Pit Box Gallery
    Where did the audience sit during the Restoration?
    on stage
    Where else did they sit?
    David Garrick
    What actor/manager banned audience members from sitting on stage?

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