Parents who have children and they abuse them do not know the consequences that it will affect them when they are adults. Children that ae abused may have some behavioral consequences of child abuse. Abused children may be at risk for many unhealthy behaviors as adolescents and adults, such as smoking, alcoholism, drug abuse, obesity, and sexual promiscuity. There is also a greater chance of juvenile delinquency and criminal behavior. It all depends on the abuse that a child suffers and here are some of the ways that abuse can be defined. Although different states have different terms and definitions, child abuse usually falls under four main categories: physical, neglect, sexual, and emotional. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Child Welfare Information Gateway provides some useful information on the subject. (Home – Child Welfare Information Gateway. (n.d.). Retrieved April 29, 2020, from https://www.childwelfare.gov/)
When parents discipline their children for not doing something is that child abuse. It depends on who you ask. I think that this article is remarkably interesting about defining the difference between discipline and if someone thinks it is abuse or not. ((n.d.). Retrieved April 29, 2020, from https://www.pa-fsa.org/Parents-Caregivers/Preventing-Child-Abuse-Neglect/Discipline-Parenting-Styles-and-Abuse)
I read an article as I was doing my research on the affects of child abuse and child development and I think it may have something to do with Toxic Stress and The Brain may have an impact on this and I found this through Karyn Purvis Institute of Child Development . (Pickett, E., Pickett, E., Pickett, E., Pickett, E., Pickett, E., Pickett, E., … Tbri. (2019, March 7). Karyn Purvis Institute of Child Development. Retrieved April 16, 2020, from https://child.tcu.edu/category/tbri/)
Child abuse has far-reaching negative effects on its victims and on society. Survivors of child maltreatment are at greater risk for physical, emotional, work, and relationship problems throughout childhood and into adulthood.
Adverse Childhood Experiences is something to look out for if you think a child is being abused. Adverse childhood experiences, or ACEs, are potentially traumatic events that occur in childhood (0-17 years). ACEs are common. About 61% of adults surveyed across 25 states reported that they had experienced at least one type of ACE, and nearly 1 in 6 reported they had experienced four or more types of ACEs. Adverse Childhood Experiences are preventable.
During my research I found that a study was conducted by researchers at UCLA and examined that effects of abuse and corresponding lack of parental affection across the body’s entire regulatory system. This study of 765 subjects suggested that “biological embedding” occurs through programming brain circuitry in ways that shape response patterns to subsequent stress. (LaBier, D. (2013, October 19). Why the Impact of Child Abuse Extends Well Into Adulthood? Retrieved April 16, 2020, from https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/the-new-resilience/201310/why-the-impact-child-abuse-extends-well-adulthood)
There was another study done that showcases the stability of child abuse reports and it shows the longitudinal of the reporting behavior of young adults.
For Adverse Childhood Experience affect older adults there is a test called adverse childhood experiences (ACES) assessment. I think that this is something that is a particularly good thing for older adults to do depending on why they may be seeking treatment somewhere.
If someone is going to be getting help and a social worker or psychiatrist or a doctor would recommend that someone takes this adverse childhood experiences assessment, they should not be expecting a miracle according to my research.
It has been said that “no one escapes childhood unscathed.” But sayings like these can have an especially significant meaning for a person who has experienced emotional abuse as a child.
No matter what your experience of childhood abuse was, it is important to remember hope is never lost and there is help there.
Here are some of the signs to look out for of adults who might have been abused when they are a child. They could have social difficulties or impulsive behavior. They could be an underachiever, or they could be depressed or have anxiety. Somehow, they could be facing poor emotional intelligence or be struggling with issues in intimacy relationships or they could have aggression or misbehavior. I am not saying that every person you meet will be dealing with these signs, but these are some the things that you could be looking out for in clients.
I also think that depending on where you reside as in which state there are certain regulations that will be able to help you try not to abuse a child because there a consequence if that does happen.(State statutes index and search. (n.d.). Retrieved April 29, 2020, from https://www.childwelfare.gov/topics/systemwide/laws-policies/can/)
For children not to get abused there are some ways that parents can help with some ways to prevent that from happening such as be a nurturing parent. Help a friend, neighbor or a relative out. (Ten Ways to Help Prevent Child Abuse. (n.d.). Retrieved April 29, 2020, from https://preventchildabuse.org/resource/ten-ways-to-help-prevent-child-abuse/) Here are some other fascinating details that I think would help a lot of parents and children to not get hurt is to volunteer your time and educate yourself as well others. It would mean a lot for a parent or a child if someone helps if they need it.
In this Literature Review I have given you some interesting stuff to look at with how child abuse is defined and the fact that there are different kinds of abuse. I have also given you some excellent studies on how the child development and the ways it can effect children as they become adults. I also gave you research on how we can try and stop child abuse so that certain things don’t happen when the children that were abused will not affect them when they are adults if they are willing to get help that is . I think that parent that are abusing their children were either abused when they were younger, or it could be related to Toxic Stress and The Brain as well. I am hoping that with these resources’ parents will be willing to have a safe environment so that child abuse will stop or at least have some interesting techniques as to make it not happen as much.
- 25 Things You Do as an Adult When You’ve Experienced Childhood Emotional Abuse. (2020, April 16). Retrieved April 29, 2020, from https://themighty.com/2017/06/childhood-emotional-abuse-adult-habits/
- Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs). (2020, April 3). Retrieved April 29, 2020, from https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/childabuseandneglect/acestudy/index.html
- Dryden-Edwards, R. (2018, October 4). Child Abuse & Neglect: Facts on Statistics & Symptoms. Retrieved April 29, 2020, from https://www.medicinenet.com/child_abuse_facts/article.htm
- Fergusson, D. M., Horwood, L. J., & Woodward, L. J. (2000, May 1). The stability of child abuse reports: a longitudinal study of the reporting behavior of young adults: Psychological Medicine. Retrieved April 29, 2020, from https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/psychological-medicine/article/stability-of-child-abuse-reports-a-longitudinal-study-of-the-reporting-behaviour-of-young-adults/18C1592A93ED892E081C4114F32CE0D8
- LaBier, D. (2013, October 19). Why the Impact of Child Abuse Extends Well Into Adulthood? Retrieved April 29, 2020, from https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/the-new-resilience/201310/why-the-impact-child-abuse-extends-well-adulthood
- Pickett, E., Pickett, E., Pickett, E., Pickett, E., Pickett, E., Pickett, E., … Tbri. (2019, March 7). Karyn Purvis Institute of Child Development. Retrieved April 29, 2020, from https://child.tcu.edu/category/tbri/
- Weiss, R. (2019, December 10). How Adverse Childhood Experiences Affect You as an Adult. Retrieved April 29, 2020, from https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/love-and-sex-in-the-digital-age/201912/how-adverse-childhood-experiences-affect-you-adult
- Home – Child Welfare Information Gateway. (n.d.). Retrieved April 29, 2020, from https://www.childwelfare.gov/)
- State statutes index and search. (n.d.). Retrieved April 29, 2020, from https://www.childwelfare.gov/topics/systemwide/laws-policies/can/
- (n.d.). Retrieved April 29, 2020, from https://www.pa-fsa.org/Parents-Caregivers/Preventing-Child-Abuse-Neglect/Discipline-Parenting-Styles-and-Abuse
- Ten Ways to Prevent Child Maltreatment. (n.d.). Retrieved April 29, 2020, from https://www.chadkids.org/child-advocacy/child_advocacy_shield_ten.html
- Ten Ways to Help Prevent Child Abuse. (n.d.). Retrieved April 29, 2020, from https://preventchildabuse.org/resource/ten-ways-to-help-prevent-child-abuse/