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    Art History Midterm study guide Essay

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    There are several possible reasons why the people of this culture built such tall, rower-like structures to support temples. Give one. So you would write in your blue book, 1 a. The White Temple b. Sumerians c. Either Mesopotamia or Iraq would be K. If I asked you for the city, it would be Rusk or Warm d. 3500-3000 BC or BCC e. Protect temple from flooding, or because they built new buildings on ruins of old ones, or to show off/city pride, or to reach the gods in the sky (only ONE is needed) Each lettered question will be worth one point.

    O images and twelve lettered questions each, they will add up to 100 possible points plus ten possible additional mints from the two extra credit images. Chapter 1 Stone Age Art Beginnings of art: Figure 1-2. Pebble from Magnates. Know that this is a natural pebble collected by early human ancestors or near relatives apparently because it looks like a face, that it is not technically “art” because it has not been carved, but that it may reflect early humans’ interest in natural objects that reminded them of themselves.

    Know the modern country where it was found, the early human-like species that collected it (Staphylococcus), where they were living and where the stone was taken to by them rock shelter), and the date (3 million years ago) Paleolithic art in Europe: 1-4. Figure of human with feline head. Know date by years BCC or period, material (mammoth ivory), the modern European country where it was discovered, possible interpretations (a god or supernatural being with human body and animal head, a masked dancer, a shaman transforming into an animal), why none of these can be proven 1-6.

    Venus of Lasses. Know date (years or period), modern country it was found in (France), what female figure might represent (mother/fertility goddess, ideal f female beauty, fertility magic), that none of these interpretations is proven, what she is holding (horn), what marks on it may represent (tally of days, calendar, possible reference to menstrual cycle) 1-9.

    Painting of bison in Altair cave: know site, date (again, 12,000 BCC or Just Paleolithic), modern country, relation of images to shape of cave ceiling (artist painted bison on bumps or protrusions so that looked three- dimensional and may have been inspired to paint because shape of ceiling looked like bison to artist). Know twisted perspective. Know the different theories about why

    Paleolithic people painted animals on cave walls and what they mean (hunting magic, education about hunting for initiation of children into adulthood, male/female symbols, animals representing families/clans, images of shaman’s visions), problems with all of these theories 1-AAA. The “Chinese horse,” Lascar. Know site, date (period or years BCC), modern country.

    Know the different theories about why Paleolithic people painted animals on cave walls and what they mean (hunting magic, education about hunting for initiation of children into adulthood, male/female symbols, animals presenting families/clans, images of shaman’s visions), problems with all of these theories. Know what the geometric patterns like the one shown above the animal here are called, and some interpretations of them (hunting traps, sexual symbols) Neolithic art in Europe: 1-18.

    Angering. Know site, modern country (Ireland), date (again either 3000 BCC or just say Neolithic), name for this type of architecture using huge stones (megaliths), what building was used for (tomb, astronomical observatory, territory marker), what religious beliefs may have been practiced here (ancestor worship), how differed from odder burial practices (tomb let open, living visit deed and EAI type to roof (corbel vault) Neolithic art in the Near East: 1-14.

    Modeled skull from Jericho. Know modern country/territory for Jericho, date of this object (by period or approximate year), materials, where these were found (buried in pits or caches), early theories about whose skulls they were (ancestors, war heroes) and why these have proven wrong, newer theories (war trophies/head hunting, magic), significance of shells used for eyes (indicate long distance trade)

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